Sample Essay for Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic 40 – Bar Chart

The bar chart below shows the number of houses built per year in two cities, Derby and  Nottingham, Between 2000 and 2009.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Write at least 150 words.

Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic 40

Model answer 01:

The bar chart describes the number of houses built in two neighboring cities, Derby and Nottingham, Between 2000 and 2009.

Overall, the number of houses that were erected in Derby exceeded upwards the quantity constructed in Nottingham. The trend for the former was decidedly upwards, with Derby experiencing a steady rise from 40 new houses in the first year, to just under 120 during the 2003. Over the next 4 years of decade, new houses construction in Derby remained constant at just under 120. This is in sharp contrast to the last two years when the number of houses that went up in Derby leapt, first to 280 and then to 350 houses.

Houses building in Nottingham, by comparison, was much more erratic. In the first two years of the decade, more houses were erected in Nottingham than in Derby. In 2002, however, construction declined to only 20. Over the next three years, houses numbers rose steadily, only to drop practically to zero in 2006. There was then a dramatic surge in 2007 with over 200 houses being built. While in 2008 saw house building in Nottingham plummeting to only 10, in 2009 the number of new houses rocketed to 270, a rise of more than 2600 % on the previous year.

(212 words)

Test tip: If you do not begin your sentence with a time expression, in many cases, particularly those involving line graphs, the time frame is given and is an important element of the visual and will need to be mentioned. For this reason it is important that you know how to use the common expressions of time, and that you revise them from any normal grammar book if they cause you difficulties. Here are the common ones:in for between -and during before from – to / until after

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Sample Essay for Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic 40 – Bar Chart
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