Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 – 8.0 – 9.0: THE WORLD OF POLITICS (Part 1)

Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 – 8.0 – 9.0: THE WORLD OF POLITICS – Practice Exercises and Answer Key (Part 1)

VOCABULARY

Canvass (verb) /ˈkænvəs/

  1. to ask many people in an area for their opinions and encourage them to vote for someone or support something
  2. to discuss an idea in order to decide whether to accept it or not

Collocation: canvass the views of…

Bandwagon (noun) /ˈbændˌwæɡən/

an idea or activity, especially in politics or business, that suddenly becomes very popular or fashionable, so that a lot of people want to be involved in it

Collocation: jump on/climb on/join the bandwagon

Concede (verb) /kənˈsiːd/

1. to admit that something is true

2. to stop trying to win an argument, competition because you know that you cannot win it

Collocation: concede defeat

Convene (verb)  /kənˈviːn/

to organize a formal meeting, or to gather for a meeting

Manifesto (noun) /ˌmænɪˈfestəʊ/

an affirmation / statement to express the plans and aims of a group/organization (especially a political party)

Heckle (verb)  /ˈhek(ə)l/

to break in/interrupt a speaker at a public meeting by shouting remarks, insults etc at them

Ovation (noun)  /əʊˈveɪʃ(ə)n/

= applause | if an audience gives someone an ovation, they clap their hands to express their admiration or enjoyment

Constituent (noun) someone who lives in a constituency and is allowed to vote in elections

 

Coalition (noun) /ˌkəʊəˈlɪʃ(ə)n

a temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together

Collocation:

coalition between/with

in coalition with

a coalition government

Amend (verb) /əˈmend/

to make changes to a document, law, agreement etc, especially in order to improve it

 

(A)      

Match the verbs in Column A with the appropriate phrase-endings in Column B.

Column A Answer Column B
(a) represent

(b) fix

(c) jump

(d) resign

(e) form

(f) canvass

(g) capture

(h) receive

(i) concede

(j) renege

(k) amend

(1) convene

(m) launch

(n)send

(o) vote

(p) heckle

(i) the election result

(ii) from cabinet

(in) on your campaign pledges

(iv) defeat in the election

(v) an ovation

(vi) the constitution

(vii) the public mood

(viii) the voters

(ix) on the bandwagon

(x) a coalition government

(xi) your constituents

(xii) along party lines

(xiii) a delegation to represent you

(xiv) a party manifesto

(xv) the speaker

(xvi) a security council meeting

(B)

Use from the verbs in Column A above to fill in the gaps in the sentences below. Use each verb once only. You may need to change the tense of the verb.

  1. The Prime Minister _________ that it will be very difficult for him to win the next election considering that his party’s satisfaction rating in the polls is at an all-time low.
  2. He ___________ on a promise to his constituents to campaign for the closing down of the nuclear plant in Sellafield.
  3. The candidate who __________ the hearts and minds of the voters with his passion for office and his integrity will win this election.
  4. The leader of the opposition was ________ by members of his own party when making a speech in the House of Commons yesterday.
  5. They __________ down the proposed amendment to the bill, which was then passed in its original form.
  6. She ________ an emergency cabinet meeting in light of the revelations that had emerged in the press.
  7. The former minister surprised her ex-party colleagues by ____________ ship and running for election as a member of the Labour Party this time around.
  8. The test-firing of the rocket was interpreted as a less than subtle message __________ in the direction of neighbouring countries to back off or face full-scale conflict.
  9. Mary Malden ___________ the constituency of Bath for twenty-five consecutive years.
  10. They were unable to __________ any sort of government on account of the election resulting in a hung parliament.
  11. They broke away from the Conservatives and ____________ a new political party called the Neo-Conservative Party.
  12. To ___________ a law, the bill proposing to do so must be passed by both houses of parliament.
  13. He ____________ fewer first-preference votes than his opponent but still managed to win the seat on transfers.
  14. I’ve been out ___________ for the party door-to-door every evening so far this week and I’m exhausted.
  15. The embattled Prime Minister faced accusations that the result of the no-confidence vote had been ___________ .

(C)

Fill the gap in each sentence with an appropriate verb. You are  not given any clues to help you.

  1. He ________ his seat in parliament for a second term of office.
  2. She ________ her seat by the narrowest of margins and bowed out of politics for good.
  3. The electorate came out in huge numbers to _________ their vote.
  4. He was ___________ from the party for not toeing the official party line.

ANSWER KEY

(A)

a. xi

b. i

c. ix

d. ii

e. x

f. viii

g. vii

h. v

i. iv

j. iii

k. vi

i.  xvi

m. xiv

n. xiii

o. xii

p. xv

(B)

1. conceded

2. reneged

3. captures

4. heckled

5. voted

6. convened

7. jumping

8. sent

9. represented

10. form

11. launched

12. amend

13. received

14. canvassing

15. fixed

[resign] is not used

 

(C)      

  1. regained
  2. lost
  3. cast
  4. ejected

 

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Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 – 8.0 – 9.0: THE WORLD OF POLITICS (Part 1)
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