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WRITING TASK 1
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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The line graph below gives information about the rates of unemployment between 1991 and 2005 in three different countries in Europe. The table shows the percentage of men and women in the workforce in these three countries.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Employment rates of men and women in three countries in Europe in 1991
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Many of the world’s cities are currently facing a serious housing shortage.
What are some of the reasons for this shortage and what solutions can you suggest?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Task 1 Model Answer
The graph shows unemployment levels in three countries from 1991 to 2005 while the table gives the proportion of men and women in these countries who worked in 1991.
In 1991, Spam had the highest unemployment rate at 13% increasing markedly to 18%( 1993-1995), then falling steadily to 9% in 2005. In contrast, unemployment was low in Germany starting at 4% but climbing gradually to 9% in 1997, dipping to 6% in 2001 and increasing to a high of 11% in 2005. Italy’s unemployment rate fluctuated less than the otheis, starting and finishing at 8% over this period and reaching a maximum of 12% from 1997 to 1999.
In 1991, just over half the female population in Germany (54.4%) was working compared with more than three quarters of the men. However, in Spain, about a third of the women were working and a third of the men were not Italy’s employment rate among men in that year was similar to Germany’s, but not as many female workers were employed (37.8%).
Overall, in Germany, the rate of unemployment rose while there was a downward trend in the other two countries.
Task 2 Model Answer
Worldwide, steadily increasing demand for houses and accommodation has left many cosmopolitan cities unable to meet the housing needs of their citizens.
One of the main reasons for housing shortage in urban areas is an increase in urban populations. Many individuals have migrated from rural areas to the cities in search of a better life for themselves and their families. Similarly, foreign immigration rates to large cities continue to rise. Another cause behind the shortage in housing supply is the desire of citizens and councils to protect ‘green spaces’ and environmental areas within the city. As admirable as this goal may be, it actually ties up valuable land which could be used for housing. In addition, the economic recession has caused investment in construction projects to drop away, which has slowed development in this area accordingly. A final contributing factor in some cities is a lack of coordinated planning and vision for the future, which fails to consider population growth and the needs of future residents.
It is clear that solutions to this housing crisis need to be found. One suggestion is to implement town planning systems which encourage the concept of satellite cities to give residents the best of both worlds. These satellite cities have all the benefits of small town living in regard to environment and community, but are situated only a short commute from the nearest city for employment purposes. Thus, they take the pressure off city infrastructure and in particular housing stock. Pockets of high density inner-city housing could also assist in alleviating the housing shortage.
All in all, the answers to the urban housing crisis lie in effective planning for future population growth while addressing current needs.
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