Useful tips and vocabulary to describe a graph or chart in IELTS Writing Task 1

2.How to write the main part of the text

  • Divide your text into 3-4 paragraphs, including the introduction.
  • Divide the information into broad/general groups/categories or trends.
  • Describe the main or most striking/significant/noticeable/outstanding/remarkable
    feature(s)/charateristics differences/trends/changes. Avoid writing lists of detail. Write about general trends and support what you say with specific data.
  • Describe the three general trends: is/was upwards/downwards/flat or say what happened: …(sales) rose/fell/remained flat/fluctuated…

Use appropriate synonyms:

– rise (vb): climb, go up, increase, improve, jump, leap, move upward, rocket, skyrocket, soar, shoot up. pick up. surge, recover

– rise (n): increase, climb, jump, leap, pick up, surge (in)

– fall (vb): collapse, decline, decrease, deteriorate: dip, dive, drop, fall (back), go down, go into free-fall, plummet plunge, reduce (only in the passive) slide, slip (back), slump, take a nosedive

– fall (n): decline, decrease, deterioration, dip. drop, plunge, free-fall, slide, slip, dive, reduction, slump

– fluctuate: (noun: fluctuations) be erratic, be fitful, vary, rise and fall erratically

– flat: no change, constant

Add suitable adverbs: dramatically, erratically, gradually, markedly, significantly, slightly, slowly, steadily.

Add specific information or examples:

– (increasing, decreasing, etc) from … to …
(eg: The oil price experienced a period of sharp rise, increasing from 120$ to 320$ over a decade. )

– between…and…

– with an increase from … to… /to… from …

Use: …followed by… to add more information

(eg: The oil price increased  dramatically to 120$ in 2001, followed by a slight drop to 100$ over the next year)

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Useful tips and vocabulary to describe a graph or chart in IELTS Writing Task 1
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