Useful tips and vocabulary to describe a graph or chart in IELTS Writing Task 1

Add time phrases

– between … and…

– from … to… (inclusive) 

~ in the year (1994)…

– during/over the period… to…

– over the latter half of the year/century/decade/period

– over the next past/previous five days/weeks/months/years/decades


How to compare and contrast

  • Repeat the process for each general point, but vary the sentence structure, grammar and vocabulary
  • Compare and contrast the other items. Use some of the following:

    – more/less than…

    – (bigger) than…

    – (not) as big as…

    – twice as big/much as…

    – rather than. ..

    – as against/as opposed to/compared with/in comparison with

    – in (sharp) contrast to the biggest/smallest (change)…

    – more (women) dted/achieved/participated/took part in/were involved in … than .

    – there were more (men) than (women) who …

  • To quote from the results of the survey, you can use:

    … percent quoted/cited/mentioned/considered …as important ..

    -…was quoted/cited/mentioned/considered as the most/least important factor by…

    – … came top/bottom/second/next, followed (closely) by…..at… and…. respectively.

  • Use conjunctions like: while/whilst/whereas/but
  • Use linkers: however/in contrast/by comparison/meanwhile/on the other hand
  • Focus on an item in the graph:

–  As regards (sales), they …

–  With regard to/Regarding/ln the case of/As for/ Turning to (sales), they…..

–  Where is/are concerned/it/they…

–  When it comes to………, it/they…

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Useful tips and vocabulary to describe a graph or chart in IELTS Writing Task 1
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