Language Skills Under FSWP, FSTP: IELTS Band and CLB
- 1 Why is Language Proficiency Required?
- 2 Language Testing System
- 2.1 International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
- 2.2 Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP)
- 2.3 Test d’Evaluation de Français (TEF)
- 2.4 So, what score is needed for Canadian citizenship: IELTS or CLB?
- 2.5 Language Requirement under FSWP and FSTP
- 2.6 Validity of test results
Canada’s Immigration Express Entry program manages FSWP (Federal Skilled Worker Program) and FSTP (Federal Skilled Trade Program). Both these programs involve a language test as one of the main criteria to be eligible for immigration to Canada.
Why is Language Proficiency Required?
It is necessary to be fluent in the country’s common language. Having a good command of the English or French language ensures that you’ll be able to work and interact successfully with Canadian coworkers and citizens.
It is one of the most important prerequisites for admission to Canada. Those with high proficiency scores are more likely to receive a letter of invitation to apply (ITA)
Language Testing System
Canadian immigration is open to those who are fluent in French are/or English. The applicant must complete a Canadian government-approved language test to demonstrate language proficiency. It can be English or French, as you must communicate in one of these languages to work in Canada.
The approved language tests by the Canadian federal government language level are:
- IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
- CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program)
- TEF (Test d’Evaluation de Francais)
International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
Skilled workers and entrepreneurs should take the IELTS General Test. Listening, Speaking, Writing, and Reading are the four areas in which this international test evaluates and ranks your English proficiency. The IELTS exam is graded on a scale of 0 to 9 for each part, where 0 represents the lowest band score and 9 represents the highest band score. The IELTS exam scores are valid for a period of two years.
Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP)
This is an IRCC-created exam that assesses your ability to communicate in Canadian English, including your accent. There are two sorts of tests – the LS General and the General. This exam assigns a point value to your performance ranging from 0 to 12. Candidates must get a score of 7 or higher to be considered qualified.
Test d’Evaluation de Français (TEF)
This exam is intended to assess your proficiency in the French language. This worldwide test evaluates and ranks your French proficiency in three areas: oral expression, written comprehension and written expressions.
In order to check your English and French proficiency, the two types of systems used are:
- Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) – For English
- Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) – For French
What exactly is CLB?
CLB stands for Canadian Language Benchmarks. It is a set of national standards used in Canada to evaluate the language skills of immigrants wishing to live or work there. CLB determines language level on a scale of 1 to 12 points. In contrast, IELTS has a band score of 1 to 9 in each part.
So, what score is needed for Canadian citizenship: IELTS or CLB?
Each band score of the IELTS exam gets converted into CLB points. For example, if you score 4 in the IELTS Reading section, it will be equivalent to 5 CLB points. If you want to qualify for the FSWP program, you have to score 7 CLB points, equivalent to at least 6 in all sections of the IELTS exam.
Point distribution for Canada’s first language: English
|CLB Level 9 or higher (Initial Advance)||6 points per ability|
|CLB Level 8 or higher (Fluent Intermediate)||5 points per ability|
|CLB Level 7 or higher (Adequate Intermediate)||4 points per ability|
|Below CLB Level 7||Not eligible to apply|
Language Requirement under FSWP and FSTP
Under FSWP and FSTP, you are awarded a maximum of 28 points based on your ability to communicate in one or both of Canada’s official languages: English and French. For example, your competence in a first language might be awarded up to 24 points (English or French). A bonus of four points may be given if you are fluent in a second language (English or French). You can select either English or French as your first or second language when applying for the program.
- CLB level 7, which is described as “sufficient intermediate proficiency,” is the minimum requirement for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
- No other method is approved for supporting language abilities. When submitting an application for permanent residence in Canada, language exams must be less than two years old.
- You must demonstrate that you have achieved or surpassed Canada’s language competence requirements in all four language skills: reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
- Applicants with a CLB score of less than 7 are ineligible for the Federal Skilled Worker program.
Language requirements for an accompanying spouse or common-law partner
The spouse or common-law partner must demonstrate their ability to communicate in either English or French. All four language skills must have a CLB of at least 4 or higher. The primary applicant may receive five (5) points toward their overall Federal Skilled Worker points under the adaptability element. Language abilities can also earn Federal Skilled Worker applicants points under the Federal Skilled Worker program.
Validity of test results
When you submit your application for permanent residency, your test results are valid for two years or less.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it necessary for me to be fluent in both English and French?
What is the minimum TEF score required for immigration to Canada?
What is the minimum IELTS score required for the Express Entry program?
How can I submit language test results during the immigration process?
How to get my IELTS results?