Sitting at home because of Covid-19?

Great time to prepare for IELTS. Check out our award winning ebooks now.

Sitting at home due to Covid-19? Great time to prepare for IELTS.

ielts-vocabulary

IELTS Vocabulary

Vocabulary is the essence of any language. As is life to human beings, so is vocabulary to language. Vocabulary comprises 25% marks in IELTS Writing and Speaking and plays a vital role in Listening and Reading tests too. Poor vocabulary makes you repeat words within a passage and run short of words while conversing with your examiner. As IELTS is an English Language Proficiency Test, good homework on vocabulary will help in improving the overall score.

Tips to improve English vocabulary

1. Make a list of new English words daily with their meanings. Learn how to pronounce them and frame sentences using them.

2. Start with a count of 5 words per day. You would have learnt 30 new words in a week. Slowly increase the count to 50 new words per week.

3. Learn the common words that native speakers use in their day-to-day lives.

Vocabulary For IELTS

Vocabulary for IELTS may be centred around the following areas:

  • Shopping
  • Sports
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Innovation
  • Knowledge
  • Heritage
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Creativity 
  • Places
  • Festivals
  • Vehicles
  • Fashion
  • Technology

Another common misconception is that getting to know new words (especially difficult ones) is vocabulary. Many are unaware that vocabulary doesn’t end there. You should also know to use those words contextually.

Eg: He had a quick lunch —- Correct usage

        He had a fast lunch —— Wrong usage

The word ‘fast’ doesn’t pair with lunch, as ‘quick’ does.

What you need to know is the right vocabulary to answer questions on a particular topic and know how to make use of it. You need not know every word related to the subject. 

Vocabulary for Listening

Ears can do wonders. They have a unique capacity of retaining information that they are often made to listen to. So listen to podcasts, speeches, audios of native English speakers via authentic sources. You would see a dramatic improvement in your vocabulary after a period of time. Familiarize yourself with the words that native speakers often use. 

How to use an English movie to learn English?

  • Select a movie
  • Watch the movie in your native language, if available.
  • Watch the movie again with English subtitles or dual subtitles (English and native language)
  • Select an interesting scene and use the pause button in places you find it to be too fast. Understand the scene thoroughly.
  • Watch the movie many times, but each time with a difference. Try watching the movie by removing the subtitles ( both English and your native language)
  • Your ears will do the magic of connecting to your memory and will make you say, what you heard often in the movie.
  • You can refer your dictionary and get to know the meanings of words you don’t know.

You can improve your listening skills in this way. 

Vocabulary for writing

Writing task 2 for both versions (Academic and General) involves writing an essay, in about 250 words. There are specific structures for different types of essays. But in every essay, an introduction has to be paraphrased.

Paraphrasing

There are two important components to any word. They are synonyms and antonyms.

Synonym – a word that means exactly, the given word

For example:

  • Confused – baffled, perplexed, perplexed, mystified
Antonym – a word that means the opposite of a given word.

For example:

  • Confused – Lucid, precise, clear

Learning synonyms and antonyms are important because they aid in developing a skill called paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is the ability to convey the same thing using different words.

Example: 

Nearly all the students who went to the roadside shop fell ill.

Majority of students who visited the roadside shop became sick.

Apart from this, there is writing task 1 of the Academic version, which involves visual interpretation and vocabulary related to maps, pie-charts, bar graphs, line graphs etc. Each of them has a dedicated vocabulary. They are given below:

Maps: Related vocabulary 

Pie-charts, Bar-graph, Line-graph: Related Vocabulary

Process diagram: Related Vocabulary

Writing task 1 of General version involves writing a letter and vocabulary related to it.

Vocabulary for speaking

Learning to use idioms and phrasal verbs will fine-tune your English. 

Idioms are phrases that do not have the same meaning as the words actually spoken. Many people try to insert them while speaking and it will look quite unnatural. Those people who use them well have actually picked them up through experience.

Eg: raining cats and dogs – raining heavily.

– It’s been raining cats and dogs all day.

Eg: Blow your own trumpet – Boast 

  • The doctor is always blowing his trumpet

Phrasal verbs:

Phrasal verbs are phrases that indicate actions. They usually consist of a verb with a preposition or an adverb.

Look forward to  :

Verb  adverb preposition
Look  forward To

Meaning – search/seek

Example: She is always looking forward to the holidays.

Vocabulary for reading

Reading comprehension involves multi-tasking, and thus it can be easy for some aspects of a text to get lost. But it is just like any other skill and can be improved by practice.

  • Learn the art of skimming and scanning.
  • Learn how to derive the central idea of a given passage quickly.
  • Also, follow this rule of thumb “Never learn words in isolation”. Always learn them in a context. 
Example: Word – Tantalizing

                 Meaning – arousing desire or expectation for something unattainable or out of reach

Word in the right context – He always gave tantalizing glimpses at the diamond section of the Jewelry shop.

Read English newspapers regularly. Make reading English books as your hobby. When you read for pleasure you automatically understand things, once you felt difficult. When you strain yourself to do something which you don’t like, you tend to ignore the nuances of it and hence cannot reap full benefits. 

Tips to learn new words:

Mnemonics: Is a memory technique that helps in faster recollection of new words learnt.

For example, to remember the OSI layers: [Physical layer, Datalink layer, Network layer, Transport layer, Session layer, Presentation layer, Application layer].

The acronym – PDNTSPA (the first letter of every layer) will help you recollect the OSI layers.

Use visuals for memory retention:

For example, the symbol of the computer language “Java” is a cup of coffee. Whenever you hold a coffee mug, you will automatically recollect Java.

How to familiarise yourself with new words?

As in a diet regime, where you are asked to take small portion of meals in regular intervals, so is the familiarisation technique with words. Don’t get exhausted trying to remember the new word by thinking continuously on it. Forget it for a while. Then come back. This is a powerful exercise.

Our ebook

You can also purchase the e-book on vocabulary from our online store:

Vocabulary for IELTS (Essential words for popular topics in IELTS) [pdf]

OTHER RELATED ARTICLES

570 High-incidence and High-utility Academic Words for IELTS

570 High-incidence and High-utility Academic Words for IELTS

The Academic Word List compiled by Coxhead, contains 570 word families which are the most...

Z

Zuhana

December 4, 2020

Improve Your Vocabulary to Hike up Your IELTS Score – Key Word: a piece of

Improve Your Vocabulary to Hike up Your IELTS Score – Key Word: a piece of

a piece of Adjective + piece of Use the following adjectives in these sentences:...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

29

Using Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: concern

concern 1          Concern (a worry about something) Use the correct form of these verbs:...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

Use Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: a loss of

Use Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: a loss of

a loss of 1          Loss of + noun         Complete the sentences with these nouns:...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

28

Using Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: complaint

complaint 1          Verb + complaint Use the correct form of these verbs: have  ...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

ABC

Increase Your IELTS Vocabulary Score – Collocation of Matter

Key word: matter  1         Verb + matter Use the correct form of these verbs:...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

1 5

Use Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: meeting

meeting 1          Verb + meeting Use the correct form of these verbs: attend                          break...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

IELTSMATERIAL.COM 1

Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 – 8.0 – 9.0: EMPLOYMENT (Part 2)

Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 - 8.0 - 9.0:  EMPLOYMENT - Practice Exercises and...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

25 1

Increase Your IELTS Vocabulary Score – Collocation of Limit

Key word: limit 1          Verb + limit Choose the correct verb in the sentences:...

M

Misbah Kagad

December 1, 2020

12 3

501 Synonym; Antonym Questions and Answer Key ( Part 12)

Synonyms Select the word that is most similar in meaning to the word provided....

M

Monif

December 1, 2020

Featured Posts

IELTS Magazine - Week 1 (PDF)
IELTS Magazine – Week 1 (PDF)

IELTS Magazine is our brand new project on our official IELTS blog (ieltsmaterial.com), which......

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers

To be well-prepared for IELTS exam (both IELTS Academic & IELTS General Training Module),......

42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (PDF)
42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (free PDF download)

In the IELTS Speaking Part 1 Section, IELTS examiner will introduce him or herself......

IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers PDF
IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers free PDF download

Though IELTS writing is considered to be difficult for some students, it's helpful to......

150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers
150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

Check out the latest IELTS Speaking Part 2 topics 2020 with model answers by......

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14) Academic and General Training Student's Book with Answers and Audios
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Academic and General Training Student’s Book with Answers and Audios

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14), written by experienced IELTS examiners......

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan - May 2020) & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan – May 2020) & Sample Answers

In part 1 of the speaking test, the examiner will introduce himself or herself......

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14) Student's Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Student’s Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]

Cambridge IELTS 1 - 13 Academic & General Training Student's Book with Answers with......

101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download
101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download

"101 IELTS Reading Past Papers With Answers" is a must-have IELTS preparation book for......

50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers
50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

For Band 9 Sample Answers for all Part 1,2,3 topics in 2020, you can......

All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites
All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites

This post covers all IELTS Writing lessons on IELTS Material website, including: IELTS Writing......

Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training
Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training

IELTS Reading Resources Besides doing exercises from reading practice tests from Cambridge IELTS Series,......

High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)
High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)

What could be better than preparing yourself for your exam by reading model answers......

Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module - How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)
Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module – How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)

This excellent self-study book for intense IELTS preparation in a few weeks is designed......

Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS
Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS

Advanced Vocabulary List for IELTS learners to Score Band 7.5 or Higher IELTS vocabulary......

IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)
IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)

Read IELTS Writing Actual Tests & Band 8.0+ Samples around the world to be......

IELTS Speaking Lessons
IELTS Speaking Lessons

This post contains useful links to the best IELTS speaking lessons/tips/books/practice tests/actual tests/sample answer...

100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019
100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics Questions and Answers (Jan -May 2020) Check out the......

IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (September - December 2020) & Suggested Answers
IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (September – December 2020) & Suggested Answers

IELTS Speaking Test Part 1 Question and Answers In the following page, you will......

Looking for free study abroad counseling?