Therefore, knowing how to make good use of complex structures for your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay is an essential skill to get the band score you deserve. Nevertheless, bear in mind that we should use complex sentences in our writing rather than try to make all of our sentences complex. Complex sentences can be relative clauses, subordinate clauses, conditional clauses, or compound sentences.
As you all know that grammar and vocabulary plays a very important role in IELTS. There are some sentences that are simple to understand while some are complex, and it is important to know the differences between the two, to make proper use of it. You can go through the few useful structures below that help you to get a good band score.
Structure to get Band 7.5+ in IELTS Writing
Before we move on to sentence structures that talks about subject, verbs, and objects. You should be aware of what these terms are.
- Subject – The subject is the doer of the action or whoever the sentence revolves around.
- Verb – The verb usually follows the subject and identifies an action or a state of being.
- Object – The object of a sentence is the person or thing that receives the action of the verb. It is the who or what that the subject does something to.
This post will fully equip you with 10 useful grammar structures to help you boost your IELTS score.
1.When Subject+Verb+Object, Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1
When a language/dies/out,/a whole way of life/disappears/with it.
2. While Subject+Verb+Object, Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1
While some students/drop out/after a few years of studying,/others/finish/academic courses with poor degrees.
3. Subject+Verb+Object, resulting in an increase/a decrease in + the number of smth/the demand for smth
Many people in the countryside/migrate/into big cities,/resulting in an increase in/the demands for accommodation, food, and services in urban areas.
4. Subject+Verb+Object, giving rise to smth
Advertisements/give/people more choices on what they want to buy,/giving rise to the consumer society
5. By doing smth, Subject+Verb+Object
By spending money to protect minority languages,/governments/can/also preserve traditions, customs and behaviors.
6. Subject+Verb+Object and this will +Verb+Object
The use of private cars/is increasing/in Hanoi, and this will/put a strain/on its infrastructure.
7. Instead of + Verb-ing + Object, Subject+Verb+Object.
Instead of/driving/cars,/people/should use/public transport.
8. Subject+Verb+Object. This allows/urges/encourage smth/smb to do smth (This will discourage smb from doing smth).
The utilization of cheap labor/help/companies to reduce production costs. This encourages business expansion.
9. Compared to those who (Subject)+Verb+Object, Subject+Verb+Object
Compared to those who/ hold / high school qualifications,/university graduates/often have/more employment opportunities.
10. If Subject+Verb+Object, Subject+Verb+Object
If air travel/ is/restricted,/people/would opt/for other means of transport such as buses and cars.
I hope this post can helps you to understand the usage of complex sentences.
When you are practicing IELTS writing questions, try to think of what you want to say in simple sentences, and then think of how these can be converted into complex sentences. After enough practice, it will be easier and your writing will also improve.