Writing Task 1 Topic:
The graph below gives information about total oil use of 4 main consumers from 2009 to 2030
The given line chart illustrates the daily amount of oil consumed by four regions between 2009 and 2030.
It is obvious that the oil consumption of China and Middle East increased slightly while that of the US and Western Europe & Japan declined considerably during the period shown.
In 2009, the amount of oil used by the US was the biggest with just over 9 million barrels per day, followed by that of Western Europe & Japan with approximately 4 million. In the same year, China and Middle East only burned some 2 million per day. In 2015, even though the US’s oil consumption reached a peak at around 10 million barrels, it is expected that this figure will decrease significantly to just over 6 million barrels in 2030
In addition, before falling to about 3.5 million in 2030, the number of oil barrels consumed in China will double in 2025, which makes this country become the second biggest oil consumer. At the end of the period shown, the daily numbers of barrels used by Western Europe & Japan and Middle East are projected to be around 2 million.
Writing Task 2 Topic
Developments in technology have brought various environmental problems. Some believe that people need to live simpler lives to solve environmental problems. Others, however, believe technology is the way to solve these problems. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Sample Band 8.0+
The improvements in technology currently bring about harmful effects on the environment. While some people believe having simpler lives is the only solution, I would argue that technological advances can help to tackle these environmental problems.
On the one hand, it is believed that individuals need to live simple lives and rely less on technology. The first suggestion is that people should walk or cycle rather than drive cars. This is because the current number of cars being manufactured and used is increasing, which causes high levels of exhausted fumes and makes air pollution become serious. Additionally, people should try to reduce their consumption of electricity so that the exploitation of natural resources such as fossil fuels or nuclear power can be minimised. An example of this idea is the annual event called Earth Hour where everyone is asked to turn their lights off for sixty minutes.
On the other hand, I believe the developments of technology can greatly contribute to environmental protection. Firstly, because of those improvements, people are able to come up with ways to recycle materials such as paper or glass, which reduces the problem of waste disposal. Secondly, technology can also help to create electricity using renewable resources. For example, many countries in the world have built plants that utilise solar energy to generate power. As a result, it is not necessary to rely on non-renewable resources, and people can create electricity without significantly damaging the environment.
In conclusion, while some people think that they should live simpler lives to prevent environmental issues, I would argue that these problems can be dealt with by technological improvements.
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