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IELTS Writing Task 1 Connectors
IELTS Writing Task 1 Connectors

IELTS Writing Task 1 Connectors

Connectors are very important in Writing task 1, where you have to describe a visual representation, make comparisons and ensure logical flow while describing a process. 

Be careful with Connectors:

  • Many are of the misconception that connectors are used for increasing the word count. If you stuff an unwanted connector, it can bring down your scores. So, don’t overuse or misuse them. 
  • There are some connectors which are common to both Writing and Speaking. But care should be taken such that a Speaking-only connector is not used in writing. For example, ‘actually’.

Connectors are used to denote the following: 

  • Comparison
  • Time
  • Condition
  • Sequence
  • Reason
  • Result
  • Addition

Comparison:

Examples:

In contrast:

On the contrary:

It is evident that opportunities in the sales sector decreased in both the towns. In contrast/On the contrary, manufacturing turned out to be the promising sector of employment.

Though:

Though/Although the number of underweight men decreased in 2004, the numbers went up and touched 23% in 2009.

This is possible in the beginning of the sentence. You can use Though or Although. But the same is not possible at the end of the sentence. 

The number of underweight men decreased in 2004. The numbers went up and touched 23% in 2009 though/Although

Only though can be used at the end.

On the other hand:

On the other hand, Law, Engineering, and IT sectors in which employment rates were comparatively lower promised a handsome pay package.

Whereas:

On observing the ratings given for the theatre facilities, three-quarters of the club members rated them as excellent, whereas only 55% of the general public found it to be so.

While:

Women spend nearly 35 minutes per day shopping while men spend approximately 25 minutes on the same.

Time:

Examples: 

Finally:

Finally, they transport the ethanol fuel to various parts of the country.

Previously:

In 2000, to the north of the countryside where the lake is, there was previously an industry.

And now this has become:

And now this has become a residential area and the shops have become restaurants.

In the future:

In the future, it is more likely to become an IT hub

Condition:

Examples:

Provided that:

The raw materials will be shipped on time, provided that you furnish all the details

As long as:

We can meet the demands as long as the supply is good

Unless:

Unless the situation improves, the significant majority will live in poverty.

Sequence:

Examples:

As a first step:

As a first step, they crush the raw materials to a fine powder using appropriate machinery.

Just after this:

Just after this, the clay dries in moulds for 4-6 hours.

As a next step:

As a next step, they enter a storage tank.

Reason:

Examples: 

Because:

A significant majority have enrolled in law courses, because the pay is high

Due to:

The sales dipped in 2000, due to heavy competition.

Result:

Examples:

So:

The tickets for horror movies were sold for a meagre 3 pounds. So they lost their place in the market.

Consequently:

Law firms paid really well in the 1970s and consequently many students opted for it

As a result:

The production of steel was high. As a result they were able to meet the market demands easily

Addition:

Examples:

In addition:

In addition to cleaning the pulp, they were also pressing it

Furthermore:

The cost of making comedy films was very high. Furthermore, the ticket sales were also very low.

As well as:

The drop in sale of metals hit the production of steel as well as gold

Also check: 

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