IELTS Bar Chart/ Graph

ielts bar chart

IELTS question paper will usually have a question on the bar graph. The bar graph is also called a bar chart. It is measured in the same way as the line graph. IELTS bar chart also has two axes, which shows the change over time. The bar graph will have rectangular bars, which can be shown horizontally or vertically. It represents the data with 2 or more values.

Steps in Writing a Good IELTS Bar chart Essay

There are some steps that can be followed to write a good IELTS bar essay. If you follow this process it will be easy for you to remember the important points during the exam.

Analyze the Question

The first step is to analyze and understand the question. The questions will be a brief description of the graph, instructions about the graph, chart or table.  Identifying the central idea is very important.

Analyze the data given

Analyze whether the data given is static or dynamic.

Static data: Bar graph displays only one period of time.

Dynamic data: It shows two or more periods of time.

You will have to use different language to describe both.

Identify the main features

You should find the bar graph questions quite easy to answer because they test your language skills and not mathematical skills. You should be in a position to derive the main feature and write about it.

How to describe a bar chart in IELTS? 

Write an Introduction

All you need to do in the introduction is to paraphrase the question that is asked. You can use synonyms and rephrase the question. It is important that the language used should sound natural.

Write an Overview

This is usually done in the second paragraph where the main features identified are clearly explained. In this paragraph, you have to spot any comparisons that are available. You can also write about the general trends that occur in the data given.

Write the first detailed paragraph

In this paragraph, you give detailed information about the data given. You should concentrate on language rather than the facts. Make a relevant comparison of the data given.

Write the second detailed paragraph

In this paragraph, you have to explain the remaining main features in detail. It is the same as the first detailed paragraph.

Tips on describing the Bar Chart

There are few tips which are used for describing the bar graph which is as follows:

  •  Try to use a simple language while describing the bar graph.
  • After writing, review the content that you have written, and check if it is free from errors and plagiarism. Try to add any extra words which will suit the data given.
  • While practicing, use different bar graphs or charts, so that you improve your ability to explain different types of graphs and charts.
  • You also have to review the superlatives which are the important features.
  • You can also write a conclusion, with reference to the bar graph. You can gain more marks if you can understand and interpret the bar graph.

How to choose the information from the Bar Graph?

Bar Graph question should be a 150 words essay with 10-15 words in a sentence. It is not necessary that it should be in a particular structure. Some of the things that can be followed while writing the essay is as follows:

  • One sentence for the introduction.
  • Two sentences for the main features.
  • One sentence for the comparison.
  • One sentence that groups 2 data points because they are same
  • One sentence that notes the exception.
  • One sentence that describes the data in depth.
  • Two sentences for the summary.


What is a bar chart ?

A bar chart uses either horizontal or vertical bars to show comparisons among two or more entities. One axis of the chart shows the entities being compared, and the other axis represents a given value

What is the structure of a bar graph ?

The structure of a bar graph is:
Body paragraph 1
Body paragraph 2

What is the difference between introduction and overview ? Can I skip the overview because I feel introduction is enough ?

In the introduction part, you have to paraphrase the question . In the overview statement, you highlight the key features. If you skip the overview, you will end up with poor scores for task achievement.

Can I have just one body paragraph where I give almost all the information ?

No. You cannot. You must have a minimum of 2 body paragraphs. You are evaluated based on the organisation of your paragraphs. It carries 25% of marks.

What is the expected word count for describing a bar chart ?

A minimum of 150 words.

Tags from the story
Written By

Misbah Kagad is a Content Marketing Specialist, currently working as IELTS Trainer at Experience Expert with a demonstrated history of working in the education management industry. Skilled in Copywriting, Web Content writing, Management, IELTS and Research. Strong professional with a Diploma focused in Computer Science... Currently helping aspirants to crack IELTS, with tips and tricks to score a bandwidth of 8 and more. Handles the ideation and creation of compelling content including content for IELTS website, writing e-books and solving previous IELTS question papers…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *