IELTS Pie Chart – Tips and Strategies

ielts Pie Chart

In writing module, task 1 of the academic section there will a visual representation or a diagram for which you have to write a paragraph to the same. One of these visual representations may be pie charts. 

Pie Charts are the circular charts that are divided into sections or the pie slices usually representing the percentages. Each section of the pie chart shows each percentage of data that it represents. When you put each section together it forms to be a circle. 

The Pie charts are most commonly used in multimedia and business world and less commonly used in scientific and technical publications.

Steps to write a Pie Chart

There are certain steps that you need to follow while writing the Pie Chart. You can follow the below steps:


You have to begin the chart with the Introduction. The introduction can go up to 2 sentences and while introducing you can paraphrase the sentence that is already there in the question. In the introduction, you need to include two points. First, what is your graph showing and second, for how long that is the time period?

General Overview

In the second paragraph, you need to write a general overview of the graph where you are going to take some main features from the chart and explain it. The main features may be like firstly, you can take the biggest or the smallest sections from the pie chart and explain it. Secondly, find which section has become bigger/smaller or even didn’t change over time.

You can write any one of the options but do not write both because the word count will be more as well as you will not have sufficient time to complete the question.

Specific Details

In the last paragraph, you have to write about the specific details. You can write a group of specific details in 2 or three paragraphs. You can group the specific details firstly based on the sectors that have increased and secondly based on the factors that have decreased or didn’t change.

Points to Remember while writing a Pie Chart

There are few points which should be kept in mind while explaining the pie chart. That can be as follows:

  • Whatever you write must match with the tense. This means if the picture of the pie chart is in the present tense then your explanation also should be in the present tense. If your chart represents the past tense then your explanation also should be in the past.
  • The answer that you write should be 150 words if it doesn’t meet this requirement then it might get rejected. That is why when you write the explanation, you must make sure that your answer is at least 155- 160 words long so that it doesn’t get rejected. 
  • Many of the times comparing two charts is easier when compared to writing an explanation for a single chart. So you need to focus on every detail in order to get strong points to write relating to the chart.
  • The answer that you write must match correctly to the chart. Do not mismatch the answer and write. You need to be extremely careful while writing the explanation. So take a clear look at the chart you are going to explain and write it properly.
  • The paragraphing of the explanation must be clear based on the above steps given. So that your explanation will be clear.

Tips for describing the Pie Chart

  • You have to read the heading and the data labels of the chart carefully so that you get to know what are the main details included and have an idea as to how to write the explanation for the same.
  • While writing the introduction to the chart you need to refer to the chart which you are going to explain.
  • In the paragraphs, you can show a comparison between the two pie charts. It may be their differences or similarities.
  • Try to relate the information using languages like related to, connected to and so on.
  • Try to explain the large sections of the pie chart usually the largest sections on the pie chart will be important. You can skip the sections that will have “other” if you do not have much time, and if the word count is already more than 150 words.
  • When you explain the chart it is very important to change your language when you write a sentence or a phrase. You can use different words or language while describing a proportion and percentages.
  • Do not mention anything which is not included in the pie chart data. Basically, you must not divert from the data that is given.
  • You must read the question carefully so that you know in what tense it is. You must write the answer based on the tense that is given in the question. Usually, the chart given will be in the past tense. So always you need to explain the chart in the past tense itself.
Written By

Misbah Kagad is a Content Marketing Specialist, currently working as IELTS Trainer at Experience Expert with a demonstrated history of working in the education management industry. Skilled in Copywriting, Web Content writing, Management, IELTS and Research. Strong professional with a Diploma focused in Computer Science... Currently helping aspirants to crack IELTS, with tips and tricks to score a bandwidth of 8 and more. Handles the ideation and creation of compelling content including content for IELTS website, writing e-books and solving previous IELTS question papers…

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