IELTS Writing Practice Test 42 (Task 1 & 2) & Sample Answers
IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic:
The pie charts show figures for the use of public libraries in 1990 and 2000 in Britain.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The pie charts provide information about the purposes of people who visited public libraries in Britain in two years.
It is evident that the most common use of people going to the libraries was to borrow or return books, and there was a new library’s function in 2000.
In 1991, there were 290 million visits to public libraries. In particular, the percentage of people visiting the public library to borrow and return books was 65%, followed by that of those who read the newspaper or magazine with 15%. Also, 10% was the proportion of people obtained information and studied in libraries.
In 2000, although the number of library visits increased by 60 million, Britain experienced a considerable decline in the percentage of visits to borrow and return books. In addition, the proportion of people going to the library to obtain information doubled to 20% while those of studying and reading newspaper and magazine fell sharply to 2% and 5% respectively. Lastly, the new use of the library (borrow and return videos) constituted 18% of total visits.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic:
The world natural resources are consumed at an ever-increased rate. What are the causes of this situation? What are the solutions?
The overconsumption of natural resources has evolved as a major topic of concern in recent years. This alarming trend is caused by a few factors, and it must be addressed by a number of definite actions.
We can ascribe the increasingly high level of exploitation of natural resources to many reasons. The most obvious reason is the tremendous demand for resources in developing countries, such as China and Brazil. The citizens of these countries are becoming increasingly wealthy, and they may now afford a living standard that is associated with a higher level of resource consumption. A clear example of this is the widespread use of cars among tens of millions of middle-income Chinese nationals, which may have contributed substantially to the burning of oil on a global scale. Besides, the over-dependence on natural resources, such as fossil fuels, is another significant reason to consider. For example, in Australia, the majority of electricity is generated in thermal power stations, in which a vast amount of coal is burnt daily.
Some measures can be taken to mitigate the problem of over-consuming Earth’s resources. The practical step at the moment is to reduce the demand for resources in developing countries. This can be done by mass-producing energy-efficient products, such as hybrid cars, and selling these items at a low price to citizens of these nations. If such a measure is implemented, these people may still benefit from the modern living standard without over-consuming natural resources. Besides, the most sustainable solution is to lower the reliance on natural resources by taking advantage of alternative sources. For instance, wind and tidal power in the Netherlands, nuclear power in Japan and solar power in the United States have all proven their efficiency in energy production. These forms of energy should be used in other parts of the world to minimise the global dependence on fossil fuels.
All the existing data provides a concrete foundation that the overexploitation of natural resources is linked to the strong demand in developing countries and the over-reliance on these resources. Strong measures, such as reducing the aforementioned demand and using alternative energy sources, must be implemented to tackle this situation.
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