Useful tips and vocabulary to describe a graph or chart in IELTS Writing Task 1
1. How to write the introduction
- One sentence is enough for the introduction.
- Replace words in the general statement with synonyms or paraphrases where you can.
- If you cannot quickly write your introduction in your own words, do not waste time.
Write out the words in the rubric, but remember to change them later.
- Use one of the following four prompts to help you write an introduction:
– The graph shows/illustrates the trends in … between .. and…
– The graph gives/provides/reveals/presents information about (the differences/changes …)
– The graph shows that (there is a number of differences between…)
– The graph shows/illustrates how the sales have differed/changed…
- Vary noun phrases, e.g. sales/purchases of different cars: sales/purchases of private vehicles, the number of various types of cars sold/purchased, the number of various types of cars sold/purchased, car sales/purchases.
- Use general words for the introduction: information, data, difference(s), similarities,
changes, trends, results, numbers, percentages, figures, statistics, breakdown.