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IELTS Writing Task 1 - Line Graph
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Line Graph

IELTS Writing Task 1 – Line Graph

IELTS line graphs

Sometimes, in IELTS examination, you are asked to explain a Line graph. The IELTS line graph shows how data changes over time. These line graphs will have 2 axes, one is X-axis and another is Y-axis. 

The X-axis shows the time period and the Y-axis shows what is being measured. The line graph highlights the trends when the data goes up and down. You should take only 20 minutes to complete this task and it should be a 150-word essay.

Line graph – An example:

ielts writing task 1 line graph
IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph

Types of Line Graphs: 

There are three types of line graphs. They are:

  • Simple line graph
  • Multiline graph (or) Polyline graph
  • Compound line graph

Simple Line Graph:

Definition: These types of graphs have just a single line plotted on them.

Example: 

Simple line graph

Explanation of the graph : The x-axis shows the number of days and the y-axis shows the earnings of a person on that day. 

Multiline graph (or) Polyline graph:

Definition: They are commonly used for comparison. These types of graphs have more than one line. ( on the same axis)

Example:

multi line graph

Explanation of the graph : The x-axis shows the year and the y-axis shows the population in some units. From the graph we can compare the population of Africa, America and Europe in the years given.

Compound line graph:

Definition: It is an advanced version of the multi-line graph. The area between two lines is shaded indicating the size of that part. 

Example:

compound line graph

Explanation of the graph : The x-axis shows the time and the y-axis shows the frequency. From the graph we can deduce the vehicle with the highest and lowest frequency.

Tips for IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph

  • In the introduction part, you can paraphrase the question asked or the topic of the essay.
  • When you explain the overall trend, identify the main feature and explain it.
  • Ensure that each paragraph has examples that are percentages or numbers to support the sentence written as an explanation. 
  • You can look into the various lessons available on the line graph in order to answer the complex questions.
  • The last tip is to practice as much as possible so that you get a good hold on what to write in the examination when questions become complex.
  • You also need to use suitable verbs, nouns, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions related to time.

IELTS Line Graph Vocabulary

Parameters Vocabulary for time  Examples 
Prepositions of time at  at 9:00 pm
on On 3rd June
in In winter
by by EOD
around around ten thousand
Adverbs and Adjectives to describe a change  Increases  It increases enormously
  Decreases The pulse decreased gradually
Verbs for trends  Rise Export of apples rose in the autumn.
  Go up The price of gold went up to Rs.3000/gram
  grow It grew rapidly
  decline Sales declined in the month of July
  drop Investments dropped by 30%
  fall  The exports fell in July

Writing the exam without practicing is waste because you will not be able to understand anything in the exam. It may become complex and test-takers may skip the question which in turn will reduce your IELTS band score.

 

IELTS line graph exercises:

Below are the links provided with different line graph IELTS questions with the sample answers which you can refer in order to get an idea of how to answer questions on the line graph.

FAQs

What is a line graph ?

Line graphs can be used to show how information or data changes over time. They have an x-axis (horizontal) and y-axis (vertical).

Is there a dedicated vocabulary for line graph ?

Yes, there is. You may use vocabulary like “steadily declined” and “a sharp increase” to describe graphs

What is trend in a graph ?

Whatever shape you see on a graph or among a group of data points is a trend.

What is the structure used to describe a line graph ?

Introduction
Overview – Contains major trends and key features
Body paragraph – Explain with adequate data, facts , numbers

Is conclusion required for writing task 1 – Line graph ?

No. It generally does not require a conclusion part.

Written By

Misbah Kagad is a Content Marketing Specialist, currently working as IELTS Trainer at ieltsmaterial.com. Experience Expert with a demonstrated history of working in the education management industry. Skilled in Copywriting, Web Content writing, Management, IELTS and Research. Strong professional with a Diploma focused in Computer Science... Currently helping aspirants to crack IELTS, with tips and tricks to score a bandwidth of 8 and more. Handles the ideation and creation of compelling content including content for IELTS website, writing e-books and solving previous IELTS question papers…

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