Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic : employment patterns in the USA – Line Graph

The graph below presents the employment patterns in the USA between 1930 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words

Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic 40

Model answer 01:

In 1930, 75% of the labour force in the USA was employed in farming, fishing and foresting while only 10% worked in sales and office and trade. At the same time both the Industrial sector and the technical sector constituted just 2% of the workforce each. This situation changed only very gradually over the next 20 years, except for the technical workforce, which increased more than threefold.

However by 1980 there had been a significant change in the pattern of employment. While the farming, fishing and foresting employees had declined in number to 40% of the workforce, Industrial employees as well as technical had increased their share to 13% and 10% respectively.

Similarly the sales and office sectors did not increase until 1980. The most dramatic change could be seen by 2000, when the proportion of farming, fishing and foresting works reduced to just 10% while the three other major sectors had all increased to over 20% of the workforce.

(160 words)

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Model answer 02:

The given graph illustrates the employment patterns over a 70 year timescale in the USA.

In 1930, the USA labor force concentrated on farming,fishing and foresting, while the employment of industry, sales and offices, technology and other services were at such a low percentage. However, through 70 years, the number of employee in farming, fishing and foresting decreased dramatically in contrast of sales and offices, industrial and technical ones. There was over 75% labor force in farming, fishing and foresting in 1930. But it started to drop down gradually until 1970 and significantly went on dropping and got only approximately 3% in 2010. It was a more than 70% dropped over 70 years.Also other services labor, nevertheless, this patterns slightly decreased about 5% over the exact time length. On the contrary, sales and offices as well as technical and industrial employee number increased slightly from 1930 to 170.Although later developing, Industrial labor also achieved the same proportion with the above two patterns at around 12%. All this three patterns witnessed a robust rise from 1970 to 2010. Whereas sales and offices percentage increased about 8%,that of industry and technology rapidly accelerated and get similarly around 35%. It was approximately 25% raised percentage in overall for these two patterns.

(208 words)

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Model answer 03:

The line graph depicts the employment patterns in the USA between 1930 and 2010, a period of 80 years. The overall labour force employment dropped over the period of time, whereas industrial, sales and office, technical and other services shows static increase.

It can be seen in the graph that fishing, farming and foresting are the labour force with highest employment. On the other hand, industrial, sales and office, technical and other services appears to have similar patterns and shows stability. In 1930, farming, fishing and foresting hits the percentage of approximately 70. The highest percentage among others. However, over the years, there was a dramatic drop of labour force employment in 2010 and end up 2%. Furthermore, sales and office though decreased its employment by 1940 but managed its sedate growth. Likely, technical and other services illustrates close similarity to sales and and office in terms of growth. Between 1940 and 1960, the labour force of employment is constant and end up 2% in 2010. In sharp contrast to this, most of the US citizen’s occupations are fishing, farming and foresting in 1930. There was a plateau of change from 1930 to 1970. But then leveled of from 1970 to 2010 ending up 2%.

(205 words)

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Model answer 04:

The line graph illustrates the amount of employment in the USA between 1930 and 2010, a period of 80 years. Overall, it can be seen that farming, fishing and foresting are the highest in labour force employment, whereas industrial, sales and office, technical and other services reveals similar patterns and remained stable.

In 1930, it is evident that farming, fishing and foresting demonstrate an increase in labor force employment, with an average of approximately 70. This was higher than the other four labor force employment. Furthermore, it gradually decreased throughout 1940 and 2010, and finished at approximately 2%. In sharp contrast to this, the other labor force employment presents similar data. It remained stable from 1930 and 1970. Sales and office, technical and industrial increased gradually from 1980 to 2010, with an amount of approximately 20 to 30. Other services can be seen that its peak in 1940, but remained stable from 1950 to 2010 and finished at just under 10.

(161 words)

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Model answer 05:

The line graph compares the percentages of employment in a variety of sectors over the 80-year period in the USA. It is clear the agricultural livelihood were far the most popular job among other areas in 1930. By contrast, technical jobs were taken by the least number of people in the same year. However, the figures for all the other sectors overtook those for agricultural jobs by 2010. In 1930, most Americans were working in the field of agriculture, at nearly 80%, while other sectors (industrial, sales and office, technical, and other services) were the least popular jobs, at below 20%. By 1990, the figure for farming, fishing and foresting gradually dropped to around 30%, which was the same percentage as the figure for industrial. The percentages of each technicians and sales people increased to just below 20% by the same year, while the figure for other services remained relatively stable, at between 10% and 16% over the whole 80-year period. In 2010, the proportion of farmers reached its lowest figure, at 3%. All other remaining sectors saw an upward trend, at between 20% and nearly 40%, with the exception of the figure for other services in the same period. (200 words)

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Model answer 06:

The chart shows the employment patterns in the USA from 1930 to 2010. Globally, the percentages of Industrial, Sales and Office(SO), Technical, Other Service(OS), have been stable among 0% to 40%. On the other hand, Farming, Fishing and Foresting(FFF) have drastically decreased from near to 80 % to approximately 0%. First, Technical and Industrial has been rising gradually since 1930. In 2010, they were approximately 30%, despite they were close to 0% in 1930. As for SO and OS, they have been going up and down among 0% to 20%, that is why it is almost same compared in 1930 to in 2010.

In contrast, FFF have dramatically gone down from 1930 to 2010. In 1930, FFF was the highest one among them. Furthermore, the point was at least 7 times than the second category. However, in 2010, FFF was the lowest one. As the graph shows, FFF had been diminishing mildly since 1930. Then from 1970, FFF started falling away increasingly. In 1980, the biggest category was still FFF, and second one was Industrial. The gap between them was about two times. In 1990, the gap between FFF and Industrial had vanished. but they were the same percentage and the highest yet. In 2000, FFF had reached the lowest, at this time, FFF and OS were the same percentage. Finally FFF was the lowest below any other categories in 2010.

(231 words)

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Written By

Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through ieltsmaterial.com. With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

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