Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 – 8.0 – 9.0: Issues Facing Young People ( Part 1)
Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: Issues Facing Young People – Practice Exercises and Answer Key
Issues Facing Young People ( Part 1)
Choose a word from the box below to fit in each gap. You should use each word once only. You may pluralise if necessary.
- Father and mother figures are becoming more and more ______ by their absence, forced to spend a greater amount of time away from the family unit due to workplace commitments.
- The ______ of the family unit is leading to single-parent families.
- Economic ______ are helping to create a situation whereby there are more and more families with two working parents.
- There is not so much a gap as a huge ______ between the generations; this causes regular disputes and misunderstandings.
- Adolescent teens are experiencing a(n) ______ of identity and are not being given sufficient parental guidance to cope.
- Children are being left unsupervised more often and from a younger age, and given licence to run ______.
- The prevailing culture of opting for convenience and junk foods is contributing to the obesity ______ affecting today s youth.
- The fact that fewer and fewer families sit down to eat together at the dinner table is helping to create a generation that is socially ______ .
- Left to their own ______ , many youths are turning to destructive habits like smoking and drinking.
- The youth of today are more opinionated and ______ than ever before.
- Young people are exploring their sexuality from a younger age and are becoming more and more ______ . Experimenting in this way can lead to problems such as teenage pregnancy.
- Parents try to compensate for the fact that they are around less by buying more gifts for their children, and, in so doing, unintentionally contribute to the skewing of values in society such that more and more emphasis is being placed on ______ things.
I) Choose the word from the box which collocates most strongly for each gap in the text.
There are a myriad of lifestyle issues affecting the youth of today. Such is the pressure heaped on many school-goers to achieve 1. ______ excellence by their parents that these 2. ______ expectations are causing children to become hopelessly depressed. Indeed, some, in their desperation to escape and their sense of guilt at being unable reach the levels of success demanded of them by their 3. ______ parents, either rebel in what is tantamount to a cry for help, or, worse still, engage in 4. ______ harm. It is no coincidence that 5. ______ rates, especially among young males, have been rising steadily for some time now. These are tough times to be a teen.
Then there are those who get hooked on the internet; the 6.__________ world becomes their reality. For these teens, their 7. ______ circle shrinks dramatically until, at last, their 8. ______ sphere is limited solely to their online buddies. Not alone do they commonly suffer from 9. ______ deprivation on account of their destructive addiction to game play and net-surfing, their behaviour may become so erratic and peculiar over time as to be considered 10. ______ . And while they sit at their computer screens hidden away in 11.__________ isolation from the real world, such is the lack of exercise they get that their 12. ______ intake far exceeds what is necessary for them to maintain a stable weight. In essence, due to their 13. ______ lifestyle, their weight skyrockets until such time as they become 14. ______ obese.
II) Choose the most suitable verb from the box to fit in each gap and change the form or tense if necessary.
Never is it more important to fit in than during adolescence, that critical time of development when a young person’s character is 1. ______ and they find their place in the world. To be 2. ______ or socially 3. ______ is, in fact, probably the worst nightmare for most teens, and the majority will do anything to avoid it, even if that means 4. _____ their own beliefs, 5. ______ to peer pressure and doing things they normally would never dream of. But it is in the making of such compromises that a teen’s life can be destroyed in an instant. Indeed, it is not at all uncommon for an otherwise perfectly decent young lad or lass to fall in with the wrong crowd and find themselves caught up in all sorts of trouble. Depending on how impressionable a teen is, and the extent to which they 6. _____ for acceptance, there is no telling what they will do in their efforts to gain same, from 7. ______ with drugs to 8. ______ themselves in criminal activities. The key determining factor in 9. ______ the likelihood of whether a young person will go off the rails is not simply their background as one might expect. It is, in fact, the extent to which their parents have 10. ______ confidence and a sense of self-worth in them as they have grown up. A child who is at ease in their own skin and confident in who and what they represent as a person is far less likely to put themselves in a position where they will be compromising their morals simply to 11. ______ a few peers. In short, you can give a child the best education money can buy and 12. ______ on them all the moral virtues and wisdom you wish, but this will count for nothing unless you also 13. ______ in them an appreciation of their own value as an individual. Only then will they be able to 14. ______ the pressure from their peers and the natural inclination to try to 15. ______ popular and be considered ‘cool’ regardless of the consequences.
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