How to Write a Letter – IELTS General Writing Task 1
- 1 Identify the Purpose of the Letter.
- 1.1 Opening Salutations
- 1.2 Right tone
- 1.3 Body Paragraph
- 1.4 Closure/Closing Salutation
- 1.5 A brief explanation of the structure of the letter
- 1.6 Vocabulary and Grammar
The first task of the IELTS General Training exam is letter writing. It is advisable to spend 20 minutes on this task since you have to write only 150 words.
IELTS General Training letter types:
Identify the Purpose of the Letter.
Before you begin writing the letter, always read the question thoroughly and identify the letter’s purpose. It helps you to decide whether you need to write a formal letter, informal letter, or semi-formal letter. Your opening line of the letter should address ‘why’ you are writing the letter.
Letter topics that can be asked in the exam are
After identifying the letter’s purpose, you should begin your letter by addressing the person you are writing the letter to.
This type of letter is written to someone whom you do not know personally.
This type of letter is written to someone whom you know personally.
This type of letter is written to someone whom you only know formally.
Dear Mr. Roland
Irrespective of the type of letter you have been asked to write. Your tone of the letter should always be polite.
Is written to someone whom you don’t know personally. Your tone of the letter should always be formal. No short terms like ‘i’ll’ or ‘there’s. Rather use complete words like ‘I will’ or ‘there is.
Is written to someone whom you don’t only know formally. Your tone of the letter should be a combination of formal and informal.
Is written to someone whom you know personally. The tone of the letter should be informal.
Formal V/s Informal letter vocabulary
|This shows that…||This demonstrates|
|To help||To Assist|
|Thanks a lot||I appreciate your assistance|
While writing the letter, include all the information that has been asked in the question. Cover all the bullet points mentioned under the question. It makes your answer look informative and complete.
Always make sure you address these 4 questions while writing the letter.
While writing the letter, always remember “to whom” you are writing this letter.
While writing your letter, focus on “what” is the purpose of the letter.
While writing the letter, also focus on “why” the issue or the situation emerged.
Lastly, add “how” do you propose to solve the issue or the situation.
Do not stuff the information in one paragraph. Rather create 2 body paragraphs to convey the information to the examiner clearly and logically.
After completing the content, you should close your letter according to the letter format.
A brief explanation of the structure of the letter
Body paragraph 1
Body paragraph 2
Vocabulary and Grammar
In Writing task 1, your letter should be grammatically correct and have uncommon words, in the right context. If you are not sure about the spelling of the words you want to use in your letter, prefer using common words.
Use different linking words to convey your ideas or messages.
Lastly, make sure you write the letter’s opening and closing salutations in the left-hand corner and give some space between the paragraphs to make it look more readable.