IELTS Writing Task 1
The charts below show changes in the proportion of the energy produced from different resources in a country in 1985 and 2003.
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The two pie charts compare the percentages of energy generated from six different sources in a country in 1985 and 2004.
Overall, after 17 years, oil was still the dominant source for energy production despite a significant decrease in its proportion. Conversely, this country became more dependent on natural gas, coal and renewable sources. In 1985, over half of energy was produced from oil — the most popular source, and this figure exactly quadrupled that of natural gas with only 13%. Meanwhile, nuclear power was the second most used source, providing nearly a quarter of the total energy volume. However, after nearly two decades, while the use of two major sources in 1985 decreased markedly to 39% for oil and a modest 8% for nuclear power, that of natural gas saw a 10% increase.
Regarding other sources, the amount energy produced from coal accounted for a negligible percentage of 8% in 1985, and then experienced a nearly threefold rise to 22%, making coal the third largest source in 2003. Renewable sources and hydro power each contributed an insignificant 4% to the total power generation in 2003, after a fourfold rise and a stability in the uses of the former and the later respectively compared to the initial figures.
IELTS Writing Task 2
Some people think that the increasing business and cultural contact between countries bring many positive developments. Others say it can cause the loss of national identities. Discuss both views and give your own opinions.
People have different views about the impacts of globalization. Although this development could exert positive influences on national economy, I am of great concern that the preservation of national identities would be deterred.
On the one hand, it is argued by many that cross-border economic and cultural cooperation could be the major drive of national growth. Firstly, increased international trade could create conditions for an economy to grow by leveraging their competitive advantages and boosting their export earnings. The benefit is best shown through robust economic development of net exporters like X country. With the elimination of economic barriers between countries,
X country, a hub of agricultural products, has earned a huge flow of foreign exchange by emerging as the second largest rice exporter worldwide. Improvement in people’s spiritual lives would also accompany. Besides that, borderless cultural contact means that people have chances to get exposed to foreign cultures, whose diversity could enable them to enrich their knowledge and have more choices of entertainment. The popularity of Korean and US – UK music products in Y country could exemplify this point.
On the other hand, I am more of the belief that the uniqueness of individual countries could be under threat as a consequence of growing international cooperation. Multinational corporations could put them in a position to influence local cultural values and promote Western ones in nations having their presence. This is because these Western ideologies could be easily assimilated into local cultures when Western-standard products are marketed and consumers familiarize themselves with new lifestyles these goods create. This might, in the long run, result in a homogeneous set of beliefs and values adopted and the erosion of cultural diversity worldwide.
In conclusion, it is irrefutable that globalization has backed economic and social developments in many countries. However, the danger of losing national identities is also obvious. To avoid such a consequence, I believe that nations need to take actions to preserve their cultural identity through proper education and bolstered social cohesion.
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