WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
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The table below gives information about the percentage of land covered by forest in various countries in 1990 and 2005 with estimated figures for 2015.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this topic.
Write about the following topic:
Some people believe that the advent of economical air travel has been very beneficial by making international travel more accessible, while others argue that it has had a very negative impact.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Task 1 Model Answer
The table indicates the proportion of land covered by forest in four different countries in 1990 and 2005 as well as projected figures for 2015.
The figures for two countries showed an increase in the amount of forested land, including New Zealand at 28.8% in 1990, climbing to 31.0% in 2005, with a predicted rise to 32.3% in 2015. Likewise, the proportion of forested land in Chile also rose from 20.4% in 1990 to 21.5% in 2005 and is expected to increase to 22.0% in 2015.
However, in Australia and Brazil, the percentage of land covered by forest decreased. Australia’s 1990 figure of 21.9% fell to 21.3% in 2005 and is estimated to continue to fall to 20.0% until 2015. Brazil had a drop from 62.2% in 1990 to 57.2% in 2005, and this figure is projected to dip further to 53.5% in 2015.
Overall, New Zealand and Chile had an increase in the proportion of forested land, whereas Brazil and Australia experienced a decrease and these trends are expected to continue in the future.
Task 2 Model Answer
International air travel has become progressively cheaper over the past decade. As a result, many more people arc utilising this mode of transport more frequently.
Proponents of cheap air travel argue that it provides more opportunities in the areas of business and tourism. For instance, it is now cheaper for business people to attend meetings or conferences abroad, thus contributing to a global knowledge economy and opening up business opportunities and economic growth. Furthermore, there has been huge tourism growth as access to some countries has become cheaper through reduced airplane fares. For these countries, the economic benefits of tourism are clear more money is spent locally.
However, others feel that cheap air travel has associated with detrimental environmental costs. Firstly, aeroplanes use huge amounts of fuel, a non-renewable resource. They also emit high levels of carbon dioxide, which is the main contributor to climate change and global wanning. At a more local level, air travel has a negative effect on air quality and noise levels. Cheap airlines offering £2 flights from London to Rome and Madrid only exacerbate the problem by encouraging more people to fly for shorter stays, thus compounding the environmental effects.
All in all, it is certain that people will continue to utilise air travel, as it is so convenient for business and leisure. However, in my view, it would be beneficial for travellers to be more aware and informed of the true cost of their air travel in relation to the environment and to make their choices accordingly.
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