Improve your Vocabulary for IELTS – Collocation of Impact

Key word: impact

1          Verb + impact (effect)

Use the correct form of these verbs:

assess              feel                  have

lose                  make               minimise

  1. Internet shopping is beginning to__________ a serious impact on the traditional bookshops.
  2. Henman was one of the first British tennis players for years to __________ a real impact on the world of tennis.
  3. The authorities are doing everything within their power to __________ the environmental impact of the oil spill.
  4. It will be very difficult to __________ the likely impact of allowing twice as many students to have access to a university education.
  5. During the 1980s, the industrial north of the country __________ the full impact of the economic recession.
  6. When the Berlin Wall came down and the former Eastern Bloc countries opened up, the campaign for nuclear disarmament__________ much of its impact.

2          Common adjective collocations

Choose the more natural collocation from the pair in brackets:

  1. Lady Chatterley’s Lover is an important book because it has had a __________ impact on public opinion in Britain since it was published. (major / large)
  2. Some politicians are worried that tougher environmental laws could have a __________ impact on the economy. (poor / detrimental)
  3. Has the experience of being in prison had a __________ impact on you or have you just put it behind you? (long-term / lasting)
  4. The recent ban on cigarette advertising has had a(n) __________ impact on the number of teenagers smoking, (recent / immediate)
  5. Management aren’t worried about the strike. They are convinced that it will only have a __________ impact on business. (tiny / negligible)
  6. Scientists are discussing ways of reducing the __________ impact of wind farms on the landscape. (visual / visible)
  7. Going to the theatre for the first time as a small boy made a __________ impact on me. (huge / severe)
  8. We didn’t know the__________ impact of the disaster at Chernobyl until years after it happened, (complete / full)

3          Impact (collision)

Use the correct form of these verbs:

absorb             survive             take                withstand

  1. The crew__________ the initial impact of the crash, but died in the fire which followed.
  2. Good running-shoes prevent injury by __________ the impact of the foot striking the ground.
  3. Containers carrying nuclear waste are designed to __________ an impact with a speeding train without breaking open.
  4. Many of the dead were in the first coach of the train which __________ the full impact of the crash.
 
 

Notes

1.

In 2-1 ‘significant, huge and profound’ are also possible.

In 1-3 ‘cushion’ is also possible.

2.         Note the following prepositional phrase:

The bomb exploded on impact – nobody stood a chance.

3.         Note the expression ‘the force of the impact’:

The force of the impact knocked me to the ground.

 

ANSWER KEY

Ex 1:

  1. have      2. make      3. minimise      4. assess           5. felt      6. lost

Ex 2:

1 major             2. detrimental              3. lasting          4. immediate

5 negligible      6. visual                       7. huge            8. full

Ex 3:

  1. survived      2. absorbing     3. withstand                4. took

 

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