Sitting at home because of Covid-19?

Great time to prepare for IELTS. Check out our award winning ebooks now.

Sitting at home due to Covid-19? Great time to prepare for IELTS.

  • Home
  • IELTS Vocabulary
  • Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 2)
  • Home
  • IELTS Vocabulary
  • Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 2)
21
Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 2)

Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 2)

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD ( Part 2)

Environmental Issues in the Developing World

(a) Use one word from the box to fill each gap, 1-18. You should not need to change the form of the correct word. Use each word once only.

capital              disregard         face     lucrative          tusks                premium

trigger              scorn                rung     habitats            plains               poaching

scream             executioner      trophy  limbs                trinkets            verge

It is hardly surprising, in light of their desperation, that the peoples of the developing world who are on the very bottom 1._____________ of the ladder have little time for the conservationists and environmentalists who 2.            _____________ bloody murder at what they perceive to be a total 3. _____________ for the environment in some parts of the “Third World”. And while they – the nature campaigners, that is – have, on the 4. _____________ of it, a very valid point after all, serious, and, in some cases, irrevocable, harm has been done to many precious 5. _____________ and the rare creatures that inhabit same – we must understand that the rules of supply and demand are in play here in the developing world just as much as anywhere else. For example, on the African 6. _____________ , where 7. _____________ is still rife, and in the mountain forests where rogue hunters patrol, ask yourself this; would they bother if there wasn’t a market for their kill? Believe me, for every bull elephant slaughtered for its ivory 8. _____________ , there is a rich, greedy, fat-cat collector ready to pay a 9. _____________to acquire this ‘find’ – in fact, there are probably ten of them. Similarly, for every mountain gorilla murdered, whose dismembered 10. _____________ appear in tourist outlets as so-called ‘ornaments’ – ashtrays and jewellery boxes, if you don’t mind – there has to be a willing buyer; an admirer of these grotesque 11. _____________. And there are plenty of them it turns out. It’s the same principle with rare animal furs and skins; who do you think buys the crocodilian handbag? I doubt the local tribespeople could afford the price tag, don’t you? It is an absolute tragedy that endangered species of animals are being hunted to the 12. _____________ of extinction, of this there can be no doubt. But we must try to understand the reasons why this is happening. The reality is that poaching will continue while it is a 13. _____________ occupation and while the prospects of finding other forms of employment are very poor. Developing nations need our help, not our 14. _____________ . Save that for the few unscrupulous 15. _____________ hunters still out there; rich, spoilt, despicable Western brats who get a kick out of taking aim at some of the world’s most precious and endangered species; it is a good thing for them that we live in a civilised world where the death penalty has, by and large, been removed from the list of possible punishments our courts can hand down. That said, since they have made themselves judge, jury and 16. _____________ for the innocent creatures they have slain, perhaps nothing less than a 17. _____________ sentence would be good enough for these 18. _____________ happy delinquents.

(b) In the context of the above text (a), find a phrase that means the following:

  1. spend more than the market value
  2. on first examination/as it first appears
  3. damage/hurt from which there is no possibility of recovery
  4. about to die out completely
  5. a person who kills game purely for their own entertainment
  6. enjoys using their weapon a lot
  7. in charge of every decision made in an unfair process
  8. complain bitterly and forcefully
  9. at the lowest level of pay or status

(c) Use the words in the box, which are also found in Text (a), to fill the gaps in the text below. Refer to Text (a) to get a sense of meaning in context if necessary. Use each word once only. Pluralise if necessary.

scorn                           rife                   delinquent                     slain
  1. He poured _____________ on the idea that employing poachers as park wardens might actually and yet it seems the initiative has worked very well. Given an alternative form of employment, the poachers have excelled in their new, legitimate work, and are now doing a lot of good.
  2. They buried the_____________ in a large pit; the stench of rotting corpses was foul.
  3. Corruption is _____________ in the current administration and young people are beginning to lose faith in their elected representatives and the political system as a consequence.
  4. These _____________ are good for nothing; they are in and out of jail almost as a hobby.

ANSWER KEY

Environmental Issues in the Developing World

(a)

1 rung 2. scream 3. disregard 4. face 5. habitats

6 plains 7. poaching 8. tusks 9. premium 10. limbs

11 trinkets 12. verge 13. lucrative 14. scorn 15. trophy

16 executioner 17. capital 18. trigger

(b)

  1. pay a premium
  2. on the face of it
  3. irrevocable harm
  4. to the verge of extinction
  5. trophy hunter
  6. trigger happy
  7. judge, jury and executioner
  8. scream bloody murder
  9. on the bottom rung of the ladder

(c)

  1. scorn 2. slain         3. rife          4. delinquents

Also check :

Written By

Misbah Kagad is a Content Marketing Specialist, currently working as IELTS Trainer at ieltsmaterial.com. Experience Expert with a demonstrated history of working in the education management industry. Skilled in Copywriting, Web Content writing, Management, IELTS and Research. Strong professional with a Diploma focused in Computer Science... Currently helping aspirants to crack IELTS, with tips and tricks to score a bandwidth of 8 and more. Handles the ideation and creation of compelling content including content for IELTS website, writing e-books and solving previous IELTS question papers…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Featured Posts

IELTS Magazine - Week 1 (PDF)
IELTS Magazine – Week 1 (PDF)

IELTS Magazine is our brand new project on our official IELTS blog (ieltsmaterial.com), which......

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers

To be well-prepared for IELTS exam (both IELTS Academic & IELTS General Training Module),......

42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (PDF)
42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (free PDF download)

In the IELTS Speaking Part 1 Section, IELTS examiner will introduce him or herself......

IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers PDF
IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers free PDF download

Though IELTS writing is considered to be difficult for some students, it's helpful to......

150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers
150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

Check out the latest IELTS Speaking Part 2 topics 2020 with model answers by......

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14) Academic and General Training Student's Book with Answers and Audios
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Academic and General Training Student’s Book with Answers and Audios

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14), written by experienced IELTS examiners......

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan - May 2020) & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan – May 2020) & Sample Answers

In part 1 of the speaking test, the examiner will introduce himself or herself......

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14) Student's Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Student’s Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]

Cambridge IELTS 1 - 13 Academic & General Training Student's Book with Answers with......

101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download
101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download

"101 IELTS Reading Past Papers With Answers" is a must-have IELTS preparation book for......

50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers
50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

For Band 9 Sample Answers for all Part 1,2,3 topics in 2020, you can......

All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites
All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites

This post covers all IELTS Writing lessons on IELTS Material website, including: IELTS Writing......

Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training
Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training

IELTS Reading Resources Besides doing exercises from reading practice tests from Cambridge IELTS Series,......

High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)
High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)

What could be better than preparing yourself for your exam by reading model answers......

Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module - How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)
Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module – How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)

This excellent self-study book for intense IELTS preparation in a few weeks is designed......

Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS
Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS

Advanced Vocabulary List for IELTS learners to Score Band 7.5 or Higher IELTS vocabulary......

IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)
IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)

Read IELTS Writing Actual Tests & Band 8.0+ Samples around the world to be......

IELTS Speaking Lessons
IELTS Speaking Lessons

This post contains useful links to the best IELTS speaking lessons/tips/books/practice tests/actual tests/sample answer...

100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019
100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics Questions and Answers (Jan -May 2020) Check out the......

IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (September - December 2020) & Suggested Answers
IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (September – December 2020) & Suggested Answers

IELTS Speaking Test Part 1 Question and Answers In the following page, you will......

Looking for free study abroad counseling?