Sitting at home because of Covid-19?

Great time to prepare for IELTS. Check out our award winning ebooks now.

Sitting at home due to Covid-19? Great time to prepare for IELTS.

  • Home
  • IELTS Vocabulary
  • Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 3)
  • Home
  • IELTS Vocabulary
  • Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 3)
31 1

Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0 +: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD (Part 3)

Advertisements

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND THE NATURAL WORLD ( Part 3)

Environmental Issues in the Developing World 2

(a) The words in the box can be used to fill gaps 1-16. However, in many cases, you will either have to change the form or the tense. Use each word once only.

cede                 expand                        flatten              prowl

motivate          compel                stampede               push out

catch up           compromise     win out                   encroach

contribute        nullify              diminish                claim

While there will always be a minority of poachers 1.________________ by their innate cruelty and greed, it is probably fair to say that the vast majority are 2. ________________ in this awful activity out of economic necessity. Similarly, in developing countries where overpopulation is becoming increasingly problematic, and as communities 3. ________________ further and further ________________ into the wilderness to find a place to live, they are 4. ________________ on the habitat of wild and dangerous animals more and more. There is bound to be increased contact between and conflict with natural predators and wild animals that would not otherwise be in the line of fire, and this is another cause of their 5. ________________ numbers. When it is a straight choice between survival and an environmental conscience, the former 6. ________________ every time, and instinct as well as their sense of responsibility to their families will compel farmers and community leaders to hunt and kill dangerous predators 7. ________________ around their villages in the night, and herds of elephants capable of 8. ________________ their way through and 9. ________________ whole towns. Moreover, many of these communities lead an agrarian lifestyle, and when their livestock – and so, by implication, their livelihood – is threatened by predation, this will also inevitably 10. ________________ them to act to 11. ________________ the threat. And there are other considerations, too; after all, livestock needs a place to graze and land is also required for the cultivation of crops. And with an ever-expanding number of mouths to feed, the only logical solution is to 12. ________________ more of the land for agricultural purposes. This leads to trees being cut down, and 13. ________________  the stability of the soil. Precious nutrients are quickly washed away and the land becomes more and more arid, 14. __________ to another of the dangerous climate-related phenomena; that of desertification. Indeed, deforestation and the 15. __________ of the deserts go hand-in-hand. Not alone are farmers claiming more of the land for themselves then, vast swathes of habitat are being 16. __________ to the advancing desert. For many wild animals, their entire ecosystem is being destroyed, putting their long-term survival in extreme doubt.

(b) Match the words in Column A taken from Text (a) above with their definitions in Column B.

Column A Answer Column B
(a)        innate

(b)        conscience

(c)        agrarian

(d)       cultivation

(e)        arid

(f)        desertification

(g)        deforestation

(h)        swathe

(i)         ecosystem

(i) something you are born with

(ii) very dry and hostile to life

(iii) a long strip or large area (of land)

(iv) the drying out of land to the extent that it becomes very arid

(v) the felling, burning or removal by other means of very large numbers of trees

(vi) all the living things in an area and how they interact

(vii) the farming of land / preparing of land for crops

(viii) of or relating to agriculture

(ix) the part of you that judges whether your actions are moral or immoral

(c) Use the words from Column A above to complete these sentences.

  1. His ____________ sense of empathy with the natural world saw him champion the cause of the endangered grey wolf population, despite how unpopular this made him amongst the local population, which was mainly comprised of sheep farmers.
  2. His guilty ____________ prevented him from granting planning approval for the new mall. It would not only have been an eyesore but also the death knell of the local snail population.
  3. The ____________ is very finely balanced and the invasion of this non-marsupial creature will have a devastating effect on local wildlife.
  4. ____________ of the land brought them into direct conflict with the natural world. Only, in this case, the latter won out; eventually, the abundance of predatory animals in the area became too much of a liability for the locals to put up with and they left, surrendering their farms back to Mother Nature.
  5. A ____________ of rock the size of a small Island split from the mainland and fell Into the sea causing a tsunami.
  6. ____________ is one of the most significant factors contributing to the global warming phenomenon. Trees are nature’s regulator of carbon dioxide levels. The depleting reserve of trees in the world will have far-reaching consequences.
  7. The nomadic tribes of the Sahara are some of the few peoples well positioned to cope with the problems which will invenitably arise as a result of ____________.
  8. They are a(n) ____________ people; their livelihoods centre around working the land.
  9. A massive land-reclamation project is underway in the ____________ southwest of Jordan, where it is hoped to stem the progress of the desert and indeed put it back into retreat.

ANSWER KEY

Environmental Issues in the Developing World 2

(a)

1 motivated   2. caught up 3. push … out 4. encroaching

5 diminishing 6. wins out 7. prowling 8. stampeding

9 flattening 10. compel 11. nullify 12. claim

13 compromises 14. contributing 15. expansion 16. ceded

(b)

a i        b. ix     c. viii   d. vii    e. ii

f  iv      g. v      h. iii     i. vi

(c)

1 innate 2. conscience 3. ecosystem

4 cultivation 5. swathe   6. Deforestation

7 desertification 8. agrarian 9. arid

Also check :

Written By

Misbah Kagad is a Content Marketing Specialist, currently working as IELTS Trainer at ieltsmaterial.com. Experience Expert with a demonstrated history of working in the education management industry. Skilled in Copywriting, Web Content writing, Management, IELTS and Research. Strong professional with a Diploma focused in Computer Science... Currently helping aspirants to crack IELTS, with tips and tricks to score a bandwidth of 8 and more. Handles the ideation and creation of compelling content including content for IELTS website, writing e-books and solving previous IELTS question papers…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Featured Posts

Useful IELTS Reading Websites & Resources for both Academic & General Training Module
Useful IELTS Reading Articles, Website Resources & Material for Academic & General Training

IELTS Reading Resources Besides doing exercises from reading practice tests from Cambridge IELTS Series,......

Ace The IELTS IELTS General Module How To Maximize Your Score (3rd Edition)
Ace the IELTS : IELTS General Module – How to Maximize your Score (3rd edition)

This excellent self-study book for intense IELTS preparation in a few weeks is designed......

cambridge ielts series 1 - 14
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Academic and General Training Student’s Book with Answers and Audios

Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 - 14), written by experienced IELTS examiners......

Speaking ebook september to december
IELTS Speaking Recent Actual Tests (September – December 2020) & Suggested Answers

IELTS Speaking Test Part 1 Question and Answers In the following page, you will......

Cambridge-ielts-1-13 [ieltsmaterial.com]
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 14) Student’s Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]

Cambridge IELTS 1 - 13 Academic & General Training Student's Book with Answers with......

50 IELTS Speaking Part 2 & 3 Topics 2020 with Model Answers
50 Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

For Band 9 Sample Answers for all Part 1,2,3 topics in 2020, you can......

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics
100 IELTS Speaking Topics Part 1 Questions and Answers 2019

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics Questions and Answers (Jan -May 2020) Check out the......

ieltsmaterial.com - ielts speaking lessons
IELTS Speaking Lessons

This post contains useful links to the best IELTS speaking lessons/tips/books/practice tests/actual tests/sample answer...

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2019 & Sample Answers

To be well-prepared for IELTS exam (both IELTS Academic & IELTS General Training Module),......

ielts speaking part 2 topics 2019
150 IELTS Speaking Topics 2020 Part 2 & 3 with Model Answers

Check out the latest  IELTS Speaking Part 2 topics 2020 with model answers by IELTS......

IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan Aug 2020) & Sample Answers
IELTS Speaking Part 1 Topics 2020 (Jan – May 2020) & Sample Answers

In part 1 of the speaking test, the examiner will first introduce himself or......

HIGH SCORING IELTS SPEAKING MODEL ANSWERS WITH AUDIO (BASED ON PAST PAPERS)
High Scoring IELTS Speaking Model Answers with Audio (Based on Past Papers)

What could be better than preparing yourself for your exam by reading model answers......

42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (PDF)
42 Topics for IELTS Speaking Part 1 and Suggested Answers (PDF)

In the IELTS Speaking Part 1 Section, IELTS examiner will introduce him or herself and ask......

ielts writing website and resource
All Useful IELTS Writing Lessons & Websites

This post covers all IELTS Writing lessons on IELTS Material website, including: IELTS Writing......

IELTS Magazine - Week 1 (PDF)
IELTS Magazine – Week 1 (PDF)

IELTS Magazine is our brand new project on our official IELTS blog (ieltsmaterial.com), which......

ieltsmaterial.com - ielts writing tests in 2018 & sample answers
IELTS Writing Recent Actual Tests in 2018 & Band 8.0+ Sample Answers (Updating)

Read IELTS Writing Actual Tests & Band 8.0+ Samples around the world to be......

101 IELTS Reading Past Papers With Answers PDF Download
101 IELTS Academic Reading Past Test Papers with Answers PDF Download

"101 IELTS Reading Past Papers With Answers" is a must-have IELTS book for all......

Advanced-Vocabulary-List-for-IELTS-Learners-to-Boost-IELTS-Score
Advanced Vocabulary word List for IELTS

Advanced Vocabulary List for IELTS learners to Score Band 7.5 or Higher IELTS vocabulary......

ielts writing task 2 questions with model essays
IELTS General Training Writing Task 2 Sample Questions (2013 – 2020) & Model Answers PDF

Though IELTS writing is considered to be difficult for some students, it's helpful to......

Looking for free study abroad counseling?

Looking to Study Abroad and Want Free IELTS e-books ?

Get free counselling from top study abroad experts

{{ e }}

Which country are you from

Which city are you from

Name

Mobile

Email

Country interested in

Please Enter Other Country

Degree to Pursue

Please Enter Other Degree

When do you plan to study

Have you taken any Study Abroad exam ?

Select Area of study

Please enter the 6-digit verification code we sent via SMS:

Didn’t receive the code? Send code again

Thank you for your interest. We will contact you shortly.

Looking to Study Abroad and Want Free IELTS e-books ?

Get free counselling from top study abroad experts

{{ e }}

Which country are you from

Which city are you from

Name

Mobile

Email

Country interested in

Please Enter Other Country

Degree to Pursue

Please Enter Other Degree

When do you plan to study

Have you taken any Study Abroad exam ?

Select Area of study

Please enter the 6-digit verification code we sent via SMS:

Didn’t receive the code? Send code again

Thank you for your interest. We will contact you shortly.