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  • Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0:Environmental Issues and The Natural World(Part-8)
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Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0:Environmental Issues and The Natural World(Part-8)

Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0:Environmental Issues and The Natural World(Part-8)

Environmental Issues and The Natural World (Part 8)

The Natural World

Use the words from the box below to fill in the gaps in sentences 1 – 26. You will not need to change the form of the words. Use each word once only.

feral solitary nesting resurgent
range prey predation tropics
sheds gestation alpha adverse
eradication conservation breach ban
indigenous stray heat stock
placental territory run cull
apex insulation identity status
  1. The Canadian government’s authorisation of the seal-pup______annually is extremely controversial and brings the wrath of conservationists down on it.
  2. During the annual Alaskan salmon a.______, such is the abundance of spawning fish that the local bear population enjoys a veritable feast. However, overfishing has depleted the b.______of wild salmon considerably.
  3. The disappearance of sea ice has forced polar bears into swimming increasingly long distances in search of suitable______.
  4. The international______imposed on whale hunting is not adhered to by several countries, Including Norway and Japan.
  5. The increasing popularity of so-called eco-tourism is having a(n)______effect on once isolated areas like Galapagos.
  6. If global warming continues apace, diseases now confined to the______, such as malaria, will quite possibly make their way as far north as the United Kingdom.
  7. Although the population of wolves in Spain is stabilising thanks to______efforts, there is still a long way to go before long-term recovery is guaranteed.
  8. The______population of red squirrels in parts of Scotland is a sign that efforts to control the population of greys have been somewhat successful.
  9. Shark attacks along the Australian coastline are usually a case of mistaken______.
  10. The______period of the red deer lasts typically 240 to 262 days.
  11. Male wildebeest are willing if necessary to fight to the death over a female in______.
  12. Unlike its cousin the lion, the leopard is a______beast which will only seek out the company of others of its species during the mating season.
  13. Watching a whale______the surface is a spectacle that is hard to forget.
  14. The lion is an______predator; the only serious threat to it comes from man.
  15. The______male of a band of gorillas will typically have a distinctive area of silver- coloured fur on its back.
  16. ______mammals dominate much of the rest of the world in much the same way as marsupials are abundant in Australia.
  17. Over thousands of years, much of New Zealand’s a.______population of birds evolved to become flightless on account of there being no significant threat of b.______on the ground. Unfortunately, when the possum was introduced from Australia, such species had little or no defense and became easy prey for the foreign invader.
  18. The population of grey wolves in Yellowstone is thriving and scientists suggest the species no longer needs its protected______.
  19. The______of the Polynesian rat from the small offshore islands of New Zealand has seen the indigenous bird population stage a remarkable recovery.
  20. Conservation efforts are ongoing on the Ionian island of Zakynthos to safeguard the future of the loggerhead sea turtle. Volunteers patrol the beaches that act as its nesting ground throughout the______season.
  21. The Arctic fox______its winter coat at the onset of spring.
  22. Blubber is a very effective form of______against the freezing cold temperatures seals often encounter in the ocean.
  23. The wolves had a huge______and travelled more than 50 km per day.
  24. The pride males regularly marked their______to warn off rivals.
  25. The city has a problem with______dogs and needs to look at neutering the male population to prevent the problem getting worse.
  26. The______horses that roam the Snowy Mountains of Australia are known as the Brumbies.

Answer Key

The Natural World

  1. cull
  2. a. run b. stock
  3. prey
  4. ban
  5. adverse
  6. tropics
  7. conservation
  8. resurgent
  9. identity
  10. gestation
  11. heat
  12. solitary
  13. breach
  14. apex
  15. alpha
  16. Placental
  17. a. indigenous b. predation
  18. status
  19. eradication
  20. nesting
  21. sheds
  22. insulation
  23. range
  24. territory
  25. stray
  26. feral

 

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