Globalization has Both Advantages and Disadvantages – IELTS Writing Task 2
The Essay Writing section of the IELTS Writing Module can be a difficult task for many IELTS Aspirants. Thus, it is vital that you polish your essay writing skills before attempting the IELTS.
Below is a sample IELTS Essay for the IELTS Essay topic:
Globalization has both advantages and disadvantages. Discuss both and give your opinion.
Advantages and Disadvantages Essay
Paraphrase the topic sentence.
State what the following paragraphs will contain and mention your opinion.
The advantages of globalisation include more employment opportunities, availability of more products to choose from and cheaper products in general.
The disadvantages of globalisation include the decline in the quality of products due to outsourcing and the competition faced by local businesses.
Summarize the topic and emphasize the view in the end.
Globalization has been one of the most seminal phenomenons that humanity has experienced. This process of making the world more close-knit has been proliferating as we proceed into the 21st century. However, this occurrence has a positive and a negative side like any other. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss both the pros and cons of globalization and why I believe the gains are far greater than the losses.
First of all, we must acknowledge the fact that globalization has led to a dramatic increase in the employment rate and job opportunities worldwide. Since multinational corporations are expanding their operations day by day, more jobs are created than ever before. Secondly, an individual now has the privilege of purchasing superior merchandise produced in a different part of the world due to a rise in imports and exports globally. Thirdly, the exchange of different aspects of cultures worldwide has brought people close to each other, creating a single human community. Moreover, consumers can access such commodities without paying huge markups thanks to more liberal tariffs and tax obligations.
However, globalization also brings some drawbacks to the table, and they are notable enough to engender concerning issues. For instance, global corporations are able to outsource their manufacturing activities to developing countries due to cheap labour costs. It enables the production of low-quality products which, although cheap, may not be satisfactory. Apart from that, the rise of franchises also poses a threat to indigenous businesses in nations where the locals are struggling to compete with major organizations.
Finally, I would conclude by saying that we all have experienced the benefits and the shortcomings of globalization, and the degree of either one may vary from country to country. Even so, I believe that on a universal scale, the benefits have surpassed the disadvantages.
Meaning: strongly influencing later developments.
Eg: Einstein’s seminal work on physics was ground-breaking.
Meaning: bound together, closer
Eg: This was a very close-knit family.
Meaning: escalating, multiplying
Eg: Computerized databases are proliferating fast.
Meaning: sudden and striking
Eg: The dramatic increase in crime was concerning.
Meaning: products, goods
Eg: He bought all the merchandise in the shop.
Meaning: the amount added to the cost price of goods
Eg: This lipstick has a markup of 200%.
Meaning: a tax imposed on imported goods
Eg: The government has increased the tariff on exotic items.
Meaning: remarkable, significant
Eg: He had made some notable changes to his attire.
Meaning: cause or give rise to
Eg: Such actions will only engender the king’s downfall.
Meaning: native, local
Eg: The indigenous people of the Amazon are mostly tribal.
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