Describe a famous building/landmark – IELTS Cue Card
Describe a famous building/landmark
You should say:
- where it is
- how old it is
- how it looks
And explain why you think it is an important landmark/ building.
India is a country of diversity with different cultures, languages, religion and food. With every turn one takes in any city or village of this country, one will experience something new. Among the various well-known monuments that interest me, the Red Fort is one of the best examples of Mughal architecture, besides the Taj Mahal.
Also known as Lal Qila, the Red Fort is located in the old part of the country’s capital, Delhi. It has derived its name from the red sandstone which was used to build this incredibly complex structure. In 1638, the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan commissioned to establish a fort to protect his new capital, Shahjahanabad, presently known as Delhi. It had remained the seat of power of all the Mughal emperors after Shah Jahan.
The construction of the Red Fort was completed around 1648. It is built over an area of 255 acres. In its history of more than 370 years, it has been part of many historic events. In 1739, the Persian ruler, Nadir Shah pillaged the city. He destroyed many beautiful parts of the Red Fort and took away the Peacock Throne which was housed in the Diwan-i-Khas till then. When the British took over, some of the marble structures of the Fort were destroyed during the 1847 revolt. After Independence, the first Prime Minister of India, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the nation from the Red Fort making this structure one of the most powerful representations of sovereign India.
The Red Fort was originally designed in red and white because those were the favorite colors of Shah Jahan. It comprises of halls like the Diwan-i-Khas and Diwan-i-Am, palaces like the Rang Mahal and the Mumtaz Mahal, beautiful gardens like the Hayat-Baksh-Bagh and the private halls which are connected by the Nahr-i-Behisht , which means the Stream of Paradise. Apart from these, the Red Fort has two important gates – the Lahori Gate, which is the main entrance to the fort, and the Delhi Gate which is used for public entrance at the southern end of the complex.
In 2007, UNESCO added the Red Fort to the list of World Heritage Sites in Delhi due to its remarkable history and sublime architecture. Apart from being an important chapter in history, this fort is important even at present times. On 15th August, every year, the Prime Minister of India addresses the whole nation from the Red Fort, following the tradition of the first Prime Minister of the country. The National Flag is hoisted above the Lahori Gate of this fort for the public to feel proud of their country’s heritage and culture. The fort is also featured on the back of the new 500 rupees currency as it represents how valuable it is to our economy. It helps us earn foreign revenue through the large number of tourists who visit the monument every year.
Therefore, the importance of the Red Fort not only lies in the extraordinary architecture and the serene beauty of what lies inside those forts, but the strong walls also represent the struggles that India has to go through to emerge as one of the most powerful nations of the world.
- Commissioned – to order or authorize the production of something
Eg: The Prime Minister commissioned the statue of the great martyr.
- Pillaged – steal or destroy using violence, especially during wartime time
Eg: The invaders pillaged the whole village and took away all the food they had.
- Sovereign – a country acting independently and without outside interference
Eg: India is a sovereign country.
- Sublime – of very great beauty
Eg: Leonardo da Vinci is well known for his sublime creation, the Mona Lisa.
- Serene – peaceful
Eg: The lapping sound of the water on the rocks has made the mountain serene during the monsoon.
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