Improve your Vocabulary for IELTS – Collocation of Influence

Key word: influence

1          Common adjective collocations

Complete the sentences with these adjectives:

calming                       corrupting

disruptive                    outside

profound                     pervasive

undue                          positive

  1. Our youngest son, Harry, can get very excited and a little wild at times, but his sister has a very___________ influence on him.
  2. I find it hard to teach when your daughter is in class. She has a ___________ influence on the rest of the students. Perhaps she should see someone about her behaviour.
  3. Will’s a bit depressed at the moment. I think he needs to mix with people who will have a more ___________ influence on his life.
  4. Our mother didn’t let us watch television when we were children. She believed it would have a ___________ influence on us.
  5. Today you can’t escape the___________ influence of television. It’s everywhere.
  6. Of all the teachers I had at school, one sticks in my mind. He was amazing! He had a ___________ influence on everyone he taught.
  7. International observers accused local politicians of interfering with the election by exerting ___________ influence on voters.
  8. I think that decision-making in our hospitals and schools should be free from ___________ influence.

2          Expressions with prepositions

Match the two halves of these sentences:

  1. The British were a major influence upon
  2. If you have any influence with Joanne,
  3. We have no influence over the children:
  4. The driver of the bus involved in the accident was found to be under the influence of drugs
  5. I have very little influence on

a          who will get the manager’s job.

b          when he was tested back at the police station.

c          modern-day India and Pakistan.

d          they do as they please.

e          try to get her to change her mind and withdraw her resignation.

Go back and underline all the prepositions.

3          Verb + influence

Use the correct form of these verbs:

fall under                    have                linger on

lose                              use                   be under

  1. My father___________ no influence whatsoever on my choice of career. He wanted me to go into banking!
  2. Millie is no longer the quiet, well-behaved child she used to be. She has___________ the influence of some older girls at school and now wants to go out clubbing all weekend – and she’s only just 13!
  3. My uncle’s a judge. He hopes to exert his influence to make the planning department change their minds. It won’t be the first time he has ___________ his influence in this way.
  4. When the teenager was caught driving the stolen car, he was found to___________ the influence of alcohol.
  5. Religion in the West isn’t the force it used to be. It’s ___________ much of its influence.
  6. Although Princess Diana died years ago, her influence still ___________. I think it will continue for many years to come.
 
 

 

Notes

1.

In 3-2‘come under’ is also possible.

In 3-3 ‘exert’ and ‘exercise’ are also possible.

2.         Note the following ways of describing big influences: The church no longer has a strong political influence.

The media has a powerful influence on public opinion.

In your teens, your peer group usually takes over from your parents as the major influence on you.

Professor Wilkins had a great influence on the shaping of the government’s education policy.

The Royal Family still exerts considerable influence.

 

ANSWER KEY

Ex 1:

1 calming 2. disruptive 3. positive 4. corrupting

5 pervasive 6. profound 7. undue 8. outside

Ex 2: l-c           2-e       3-d       4-b       5-a

Ex 3:

  1. had      2. fallen under     3. used             4. be under      5. lost      6. lingers on
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