Using Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: Attitude
Key word: attitude
1 Verb + attitude
Use the correct form of these verbs:
change harden shape understand
show take typify
- I’m afraid our nephew has turned out to be a greedy, self-centred young man. His attitude ____________ a complete disregard for his family and others.
- I’ve always____________ a fairly easy-going attitude towards bringing up my children. Children need freedom to develop and make their own mistakes.
- John’s total lack of interest in the general election ____________ the attitude of many young people today.
- What do you think influences our attitudes to marriage? > I think our experiences in childhood____________ our attitudes to marriage and family life.
- This book examines how attitudes to sex in Britain have ____________ since the end of the Second World War.
- Attitudes towards the US have ____________ as a result of the recent accidental bombing of civilians.
- I don’t ____________ your attitude. Why don’t you like Ken? Everyone else thinks he’s a great guy.
2 Common adjective collocations
Use these adjectives in the sentences:
aggressive insular negative
patronising relaxed right
- A meal with Greg can be really depressing. He’s got such a ____________ attitude to everything.
- The teachers in this school seem to have a very ____________ attitude to discipline. I thought they’d be much stricter.
- You can make a career in sales and marketing, but only if you have the ____________ attitude.
- Why do football fans cause so much trouble? They’ve got such an ____________ attitude to everything.
- Many US newspapers contain very little international news. This is just one sign of the ____________ attitudes of Americans.
- He obviously thinks he’s so much better than me, but his ____________ attitude is beginning to irritate me immensely.
Go back and underline the adjective collocations.
3 Hyphenated adjectives
Use these two- and three-part adjectives:
slap-dash happy-go-lucky laid-back
- My boss is so relaxed, but so efficient. I’ve never seen her get worried by anything. She’s got such a __________ attitude towards work.
- He’s the most exciting tennis player of the decade. His __________ attitude means he takes the kind of risks nobody else would.
- Our son’s a bit too __________ in his attitude to schoolwork. He usually does it while he watches television. It’s no surprise that his examination results are so poor.
- My mother-in-law is always disapproving and saying that she would never do this or that. She thinks she’s so morally superior. I can’t stand people with such __________ attitudes.
- My brother just accepts whatever happens to him and says he never thinks about the future. He’s got such a __________ attitude to everything.
1. Note that attitude is followed by to or towards:
I find his attitude towards women hard to take.
I find his whole attitude to his work unacceptable.
2. Note these noun phrases with ‘attitude’:
There’s been a noticeable change in attitude towards head office in recent months.
Some people believe that how old you feel is just an attitude of mind.
3. A complacent attitude is when you stop trying to improve or change things:
Lack of competition led to a complacent attitude in both management and the workforce.
4. Entrenched attitudes are ones that people have had for a long time and are unlikely to change:
It will be difficult to change the deeply entrenched attitudes of some of the older union members.
5. Gung-ho attitudes are usually over-enthusiastic and politically inappropriate:
The Prime Minister’s gung-ho attitude was not appropriate for such delicate negotiations.
- shows 2. taken 3. typifies 4. shape 5. changed 6. hardened 7. understand
- negative 2. relaxed 3. right 4. aggressive 5. insular 6. patronising
1 laid-back 2. devil-may-care 3. slap-dash
4 holier-than-thou 5. happy-go-lucky
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