Using Collocation to Boost Your IELTS Score – Key Word: Risk
1 Verb + risk
Use the correct form of these verbs:
- A fatty diet increases the risk of heart disease whereas a low fat diet ___________ the risk.
- We cannot afford to ___________ risks when people’s lives are involved.
- Boxing is a contact sport which ___________ a high risk of injury. However, wearing protective headgear can help minimise the risk of head injury.
- The chemicals in food are not dangerous. They ___________ little risk to health.
- I’ve ___________ all the risks of having the operation and I’ve decided to go ahead.
- All things considered, the benefits of this treatment___________ the risks.
2 Common adjective collocations
Use the following adjectives in these sentences:
- I must warn you that there is a small, but ___________ risk that something could go wrong.
- The director took a___________ risk, giving the film’s main role to an unknown actor, but it paid off. The film was a great success.
- The information in this leaflet warns young people of the ___________ risks to health associated with drug use.
- You are exposing yourself to ___________ risks by walking through the park alone at night.
3 Common expressions
Use these words to complete the sentences:
aware own prepared
- I want to take no risks, however ___________
- That’s a risk I’m not___________ to take.
- If we buy these shares, we might lose all our money! It’s just not ___________ the risk.
- It’s OK. I’m fully___________ of the risks involved.
- You leave your bike here at your ___________ risk.
4 How big a risk?
Mark the following sentences (B) if they describe a big risk and (S) if they describe a small risk:
- Hygiene is so bad in this hospital that there is a serious risk of infection.
- There is a slight risk of side-effects with this drug. You may feel a little sick or dizzy at times.
- Please remember that any financial investment contains an element of risk, but it’s only a minimal risk as far as we are concerned.
- He sold his house and invested the money in the stock market. It was a huge risk to take, but it proved worthwhile in the end. He’s now a millionaire.
- You’ve got to wear protective goggles as the light is very strong and there’s a high risk of damage to your eyesight.
- Lots of war correspondents carry out their work at great risk to themselves.
1. If people’s lives have been ‘put at risk’, they have been put into a dangerous situation.
2. Note the common expression: run the risk of -ing:
If you don’t put a coat on, you’ll run the risk of catching a cold.
Unless his performance improves, he runs the risk of losing his job.
3. We talk of a health, fire, and security risk:
Some people think red meat is a serious health risk.
Campers and picknickers pose the biggest fire risk in the forests in the summer.
The Pope decided to travel in an open car – despite the security risk.
Ex 1: 1. reduces 2. take 3. carries 4. pose 5. considered 6. outweigh
Ex 2: l. real 2. calculated 3. potential 4. unnecessary
Ex 3: 1. small 2. prepared 3. worth 4. aware 5. own
Ex 4: 1 -B 2-S 3-S 4-B 5-B 6-B
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