- 1 Reading passage 1
- 2 First Aid For Snake Bites
- 3 Reading Passage 2
- 4 Chapter 5
- 5 Vocational Training
- 6 The Panda’s Last Chance
- 7 Answer Key
Reading passage 1
SECTION 1 Question 1 – 15
Questions 1 – 3
On the following page is a Contents page from a magazine.
Answer questions 1-3 by writing the appropriate page number or numbers where the information appears in the magazine, in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.
Example: On what page is the main article in the magazine?
- What page would you turn to for advice about money?
- On what TWO pages can you read about art?
- On what page is the new sports stadium discussed?
Answer Question 4 by writing NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS in box 4 on your answer sheet.
How often does this magazine appear?
|From the Editor
In this issue we publish some of the many letters we received on the new Sports Stadium, our cover story last month. Your reactions were certainly mixed! Read our exclusive interview with film-star Mike Mikeson and his plans to start a fast-food chain. But there’s so much more… enough to keep you going for the rest of the month.
Until next time,
|COVER STORY 5|
|Mike Mikeson: a new smash-hit movie, but plans for a dramatic career change|
Film Review 30
Letters to the Editor 32
What’s on round town 33
Arts, Music, Theatre
|12 Getaway Holidays
Some popular and some unusual
18 Start Now
Marissa Brown of EastBank sets out a sound investment and savings plan for young professionals
26 Best Wheels
Racing car driver Marco Leoni changes teams: will it be Ford or Ferrari?
28 The Met
Metropolitan Art Museum hosts a new exhibition of post-modern paintings
Questions 5 – 10
Read the advertisements for musical concerts below and answer the questions that follow.
OF MUSIC CONCERTS
for January 2001
A. Sydney Youth Orchestra
Conservatorium High School students play a selection of Mozart concertos.
Date: Sat. 4th and 11th January, 8.00 pm. $10 and $5
B. Let’s Sing Together
An afternoon for the young and the young-at-heart. Led by the Giggles Band,
sing children’s songs from your childhood and from all over the world.
There will be a special appearance by Willy Wallaby,
from the popular children’s programme, Hoppy!
Date: Sun. 5th January, 3.00 pm. $5
C. One Romantic Evening
Bring someone special with you and listen to some of the greatest
love songs as you gaze at the stars together!
Date: Sat. 25th January, 8.00 pm. $20 and $12
Note: This concert will be held in the Conservatorium Rose Carden, not in the Concert Hall.
D. Rock n’ Roll
Bop along ’til late to the rock hits of the last 10 years. Bands playing include
The Hippies, The Hypers, and The Heroes. If you have a special request,
write it down at the ticket counter when you come in.
Date: Sat. 18th January, 8.00 pm. $10 and $5
World-famous classical guitarist Rodrigo Paras will play a selection
of traditional Spanish Flamenco pieces.
Date: Sun. 19th and 26th January, 7.30 pm. $20 and $12
Questions 5 – 10
Read the advertisements for musical events on the previous page.
Answer the questions below by writing the appropriate letter or letters A-E in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet. Your answer may require more than one letter.
Example At which concert will a television character appear?
- At which concert will young performers play?
- Which concert will be held outdoors?
- Which concerts will happen more than once?
8.. Which concert will feature only one performer?
- Which concert is NOT being held at night?
- At which concert can the audience choose what will be performed?
Questions 11 – 15
Read the information below on treatment for snake bite, then answer Questions 11-15.
First Aid For Snake Bites
Snakes are not normally aggressive and tend to bite only when they are threatened or mishandled. Some snakes, e.g. the carpet snake, are not poisonous. Others, e.g. the brown snake, tiger snake and taipan, are very poisonous.
- leave snakes alone and do not collect snakes
- do not put your hands in hollow logs, under piles of wood, or in rubbish
- be noisy when walking in the bush
- look carefully when walking through thick grass
- use a torch around camps at night
B. Symptoms and signs
These do not appear immediately, but from about 15 minutes to 2 hours after the casualty is bitten. There are often no visible symptoms or signs. Take seriously any information from a casualty concerning:
- strong emotional reaction
- headache or double vision
- drowsiness, dizziness or faintness
- nausea and/or vomiting and diarrhoea
- puncture marks about 1 centimetre apart at the site of the bite. Bites are usually on the limbs, especially the legs.
- breathing difficulties
- reassure the casualty
- apply a pressure immobilisation bandage over the bitten area and around the limb
- seek medical aid urgently
D. Snakebite Warnings
- never wash the venom off the skin as this will help in later identification
- never cut or squeeze the bitten area
- never try to suck the venom out of the wound
Questions 11 – 15
The passage “First Aid for Snake Bites” explains what to do in the event of a snake bite.
Read the additional instructions below and choose the section A-D to which each instruction belongs.
Write the appropriate letter in boxes 11-15 on your answer sheet.
Example: never use a tight bandage
- help the casualty to sit or lie down
- wear stout shoes, walk-socks and jeans (or similar clothing) in areas where snakes could be present
- pain or tightness in the chest or abdomen
- do not try to catch the snake
- swelling of the bitten area
Also check :
Reading Passage 2
Questions 16-22: The following notice gives information about school excursions. Each excursion is labelled A-J.
|A. Ancient and Modern Museum
This is a museum with a difference. Along with the usual historical exhibits, this museum features an up-to-date display of hands-on information technology.
|B. Shortlands Wildlife Park
This is not the usual “animal gaol”. Here exotic animals wander free in large compounds, separated in such a way that they can’t harm one another.
|C. Botanical Garden
Besides the many exotic plants one expects to see in a botanical garden, these gardens feature an array of native birds and other wildlife.
|D. Wax World
If you’re interested in seeing how people used to live and dress, Wax World is the place for you. Featuring over 100 wax models of famous people, this venue is well – suited to anyone interested in changing trends in clothing
|E. The Central Art Gallery
The art gallery has six chambers each exhibiting paintings from different periods, from the Middle Ages to the present. The walking tour, recorded on tape, is designed for visitors interested in art history and criticism.
|F. Technology Park
In the planetarium, you can observe features of the night sky, and learn about such historical events as the origin of the crab nebula. This excursion also includes a visit to the Satellite Mapping Centre.
Students are met at the entrance by ushers who show them around the Houses. The tour includes the Hansard library, the grand lounge, government and opposition offices and the public gallery.
|H. St. Cedric’s Cathedral
With the Bishops’ Throne as its central feature, this building is a classic example of the excesses of architecture. This excursion is a must for any student interested in sculpture and stained glass as art forms.
|I. The Light Fantastic
Find out about the fascinating process of candle making. This factory also holds the additional attraction of illustrating the diverse uses that candles and other wax products can have – from the projection of film, to their use in the art of sculpture and decoration.
|J. Trolland’s Caves
These caves, situated below the hills to the north of the city, are entered via the Widmore River. The caves are home to colonies of glow worms that shine like stars on the ceilings and walls of the caves, casting an eerie light on the many stalagmites and stalactites.
Answer questions 16-22 below by writing the appropriate letters A-J in boxes 13-19 on your answer sheet.
Note: You may use any letter more than once.
Example Answer: Which excursion would you choose if you are interested in famous people? D
- Which excursion would you choose if you wanted to know about the different uses of wax?
- Where could students learn something about the animals of the country they are studying in?
- On which excursion is it possible to learn something about the stars?
- Which excursion would be suitable for students of fashion and design?
- Which excursion would attract people interested in computers?
- On which excursion would you expect to listen to an art critic?
- On which excursion would you need to travel by boat?
The reading passage “Vocational Training’ comes from a book about studying in Australia.
Do the following statements correspond with the information given in the passage?
In the boxes 23-28 on your answer sheet write:
TRUE if the statement is true
FALSE if the statement is false
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
- There are more people studying in TAFE colleges than in any other kind of higher education institution.
- TAFE qualifications arc accepted anywhere in Australia.
- Some TAFE colleges offer university degrees.
- Each TAFE college specializes in teaching skills for working within one specific industry.
- The next chapter deals with English language courses.
- Certificates or diplomas from all private post-secondary institutions are recognized everywhere in Australia.
Technical and Further Education
Australia’s Technical and Further Education (TAFE) sector is a nationally recognized government system of vocational education and training and is the major provider of the skills required by the Australian workforce.
TAFE is the largest of the tertiary education sectors in Australia. It accounts for approximately 70 per cent of post-secondary education enrolments. There are 232 major TAFE colleges in Australia.
Although each state and territory administers its own system of TAFE. the qualifications they award are transferable throughout Australia. Although TAFE colleges cannot award tertiary-level degrees, some TAFE courses permit TAFE graduates to be admitted with advanced standing into degree courses offered by universities.
TAFE courses provide initial and further education at professional, para-professional, post-trade, trade and operative level. TAFE courses are developed in collaboration with industry and the community to ensure the most up-to-date education and training is provided.
Private Post-secondary Institutions
These private institutions are like TAFE colleges because they teach special skills for jobs but each one of them usually specializes in courses for one industry.
There are many private institutions in Australia offering a wide range of courses: English language (ELICOS, see Chapter 6). secretarial studies, data processing, pilot training, business and management, recreational courses and religious studies. (Other courses offered by private post-secondary institutions are listed in Chapter 7, Special Studies.)
If you successfully complete these courses you receive a qualification called a ‘certificate’ or ‘diploma’. These are widely recognized by professional associations and industries in Australia, and are sometimes recognized by higher education institutions for credit. Before you undertake a course at a private post-secondary institution you should check that the certificate or diploma offered is appropriate for your particular purpose because some private institutions offer courses which arc not recognized. If you want to enter a higher education institution from a private post-secondary institution, you should ask the higher education institution whether they accept the qualification before you start your course.
Questions 29-32: The passage The Panda’s Last Chance’ has 6 paragraphs labelled A-F. Which paragraphs contain the following information?
Write the appropriate letters A-F in boxes 29-32 on your answer sheet. You only need ONE letter for each answer.
Note: You may use each letter more than once.
Example Answer: Where panda habitats are located –> A
- The separation of panda groups.
- The panda’s diet.
- The illegal killing of pandas.
- Why pandas’ living areas have been reduced.
The Panda’s Last Chance
Chinese authorities have devised an ambitious plan to save the giant panda from the ravages of deforestation. Martin Williams assesses the creature’s chances of avoiding extinction.
- The giant panda, the creature that has become a symbol of conservation, is facing extinction. The major reason is loss of habitat, which has continued despite the establishment, since 1963, of 14 panda reserves. Deforestation, mainly earned out by farmers clearing land to make way for fields as they move higher into the mountains, has drastically contracted the mammal’s range. The panda has disappeared from much of central and eastern China, and is now restricted to the eastern flank of the Himalayas in Sichuan and Gansu provinces, and the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi province. Fewer than 1400 of the animals are believed to remain in the wild.
- Satellite imagery has shown the seriousness of the situation; almost half of the panda’s habitat has been cut or degraded since 1975. Worse, the surviving panda population has also become fragmented; a combination of satellite imagery and ground surveys reveals panda ’islands* in patches of forest separated by cleared land. The population of these islands, ranging from fewer than ten to more than 50 pandas, has become isolated because the animals are bathing to cross open areas. Just putting a road through panda habitat may be enough to split a population in two.
- The minuscule size of the panda populations worries conservationists. The smallest groups have too few animals to be viable, and will inevitably die out. The larger populations may be viable in the short term, but will be susceptible to genetic defects as a result of inbreeding.
- In these circumstances, a more traditional threat to pandas—the cycle of flowering and subsequent withering of the bamboo that is their staple food—can become literally species-threatening. The flowerings prompt pandas to move from one area to another, thus preventing inbreeding in otherwise sedentary populations. In panda islands, however, bamboo flowering could prove catastrophic because the pandas are unable to emigrate.
- The latest conservation management plan for the panda, prepared by China’s Ministry of Forestry and the World Wide Fund for Nature, aims primarily to maintain panda habitats and to ensure that populations are linked wherever possible. The plan will change some existing reserve boundaries, establish 14 new reserves and protect or replant corridors of forest between panda islands. Other measures include better control of poaching, which remains a problem despite strict laws, as panda skins fetch high prices; reducing the degradation of habitats outside reserves; and reforestation.
- The plan is ambitious. Implementation will be expensive—Yuan 56.6 million (US$ 12.5 million) will be needed for the development of the panda reserves— and will require participation by individuals ranging from villagers to government officials.
Questions 33-34: There are several problems affecting the panda.
From the list below, choose 2 more problems which are mentioned in the reading passage.
Write the appropriate numbers (i-vi) in boxes 33 and 34 on your answer sheet.
- pandas prefer to inbreed
- panda groups arc getting too small
Example: iii. panda habitats have shrunk
- pandas move to other countries
- more bamboo is withering
- panda groups are isolated
Questions 35-41: Below is a summary of the reading passage ‘The Panda’s Last Chance’. Complete the summary by choosing words from the box following the summary. Write your answers in boxes 34-40 on your answer sheet.
Note: There are more words than spaces so you will not use them all. You may use any word more than once.
The survival of the giant panda is being seriously threatened. Panda numbers have already seriously (35) ……………… This is largely because the overall size of their habitat has been reduced and habitable areas arc now (36) ………………… from each other. Two results are that pandas are more prone to genetic (37) …………………… and are unable to move around freely to follow the (38) ………………….. cycles of the bamboo that they cal. A new plan is aiming to protect the existing panda habitats and to (39) …………………. many of them. This plan also includes reforestation and the creation of new (40) …………………..
Reading Passage 1
- 28, 33 (must have both answers; the question says “two pages”; page 30 is not correct as the question asks about “art” not “the arts”)
- 32 (the sports stadium is discussed in the “Letters” page.)
- monthly/every month/each month
- A, E (must have both answers)
- A (note the importance of the article “the” i.e. “the snake” that has bitten you, not snakes in general)
Reading Passage 2
Reading Passage 3