TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN IELTS Reading Lessons, Tips
- 1 Understanding IELTS TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions
- 2 Strategies for answering the TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions
- 3 Tips for TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN IELTS questions
- 4 Sample Practice
- 5 FAQs
- 5.1 What section of IELTS contains the TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN questions?
- 5.2 Are the questions asked in the same order in which the text or the information is given?
- 5.3 Should I skim or scan the question?
- 5.4 Will the answers be paraphrased ( in the text given)?
- 5.5 How do I determine TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN from the information given?
- 5.6 Related Posts:
Understanding IELTS TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions
This article helps the test taker understand, how to answer the TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN IELTS reading questions. In the Reading section, you will have a text as well as a list of facts. The test taker has to identify whether the facts are TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN by referring to the text that is given. Right next to the facts you need to write TRUE, if the fact matches the text, FALSE, if the fact does not match with the text and NOT GIVEN, if the fact is not present in the text.
Strategies for answering the TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN questions
There are a few TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN strategies, which have to be borne in mind while answering the questions. They are listed below:
- The questions are asked in the same order in which the text or the information is given.
- In order to know the correct answer, you need to understand the text given and check which fact about the text is TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN.
- Read the first paragraph carefully and try to answer the questions. If you find the answer then do not rush to write it. Read the sentence carefully and then decide whether the answer is correct or incorrect. When you don’t find the answer in the first paragraph move to the second paragraph and repeat the procedure.
- You have to read the information text carefully, to find whether the keywords in the question are present in the text.
- You have to keep in mind that the text will be paraphrased ( rephrased i.e., the question may be worded with synonyms of the words contained in the text).
- If you look at the controlling words in the information, then you can easily find whether the fact given is TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN.
- Do not spend a lot of time on one question. If you cannot find the fact in the information then the answer is probably NOT GIVEN.
- Sometimes words like YES, NO, NO INFORMATION are used. These may be slightly different, where you may have to look for the opinions instead of the facts.
- Instead of focusing only on the keywords, try to read the sentences completely and identify the answer.
- Match the facts given with the correct and accurate information in the text.
- Once you feel that a particular fact matches the text you need to read it again, to know if the fact given is TRUE or FALSE. You need to keep in mind that, if the fact is TRUE, then there should be an exact match.
- If you are really unsure and cannot understand the synonyms given, then you can mark it as NOT GIVEN.
- Underline the words which you feel might be the correct answer so that you can refer them at the end.
Tips for TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN IELTS questions
Some tips to answer the questions and obtain a high band in the IELTS examination are given below:
- Before you rush in to write the answer, spend time on understanding the question that is given.
- Do not make any assumptions about the facts given. If you already know about the topic given, keep it aside and focus on the text that is given. Because your assumption may be wrong and may lead to loss of marks.
- Do not depend only on the keywords that are given. It is recommended to read the text and the question with full concentration.
- There will be many sentences in the text which are paraphrased from the facts that are given. So you need to be more careful and look for such sentences. For this, you should possess a good vocabulary and must know the synonyms and antonyms of various words.
- Some of the words like some, never, always, believe, claim, may completely change the meaning of the sentence. That is why it is important to read the sentence carefully to avoid making mistakes.
- It is not only based on the keywords. Sometimes, the keywords may be the same but the meaning of the sentence may be completely different.
- In the facts given, there will be at least one answer that is TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN.
- The answer will be FALSE when the information in the text states one meaning and the fact given states some other meaning.
- The order of the question given also may help in finding the answer. The answer to question 4 will be between the answers of questions 3 and 5 in the text.
- If you have no idea about the answer, then write NOT GIVEN, because probably the answer will not be available in the text.
- You can write the initials T instead of writing TRUE, but you need to make sure that your handwriting is clear and readable.
- You should solve the IELTS true, false, not given practice materials available on the internet.
Sample Reading Passage:
Daydreams are not dreams, because we can only daydream if we are awake. Also, we choose what our daydreams will be about, which we cannot usually do with dreams. With many daydreams, we know that what we imagine is unlikely to happen. At least, if it does happen, it probably will not do so in the way we want it to. However, some daydreams are about things that are likely to happen. With these, our daydreams often help us to work out what we want to do, or how to do it to get the best results. So, these daydreams are helpful. We use our imagination to help us understand the world and other people. Daydreams can help people to be creative. People in creative or artistic careers, such as composers, novelists and filmmakers, develop new ideas through daydreaming. This is also true of research scientists and mathematicians. In fact, Albert Einstein said that imagination is more important than knowledge because knowledge is limited whereas imagination is not.
1. We can decide what to dream
1. We can decide what to dream – FALSE
Now, could you guess the reason behind the answers?
For the first question, “decide” means “choose” . From the passage we understand that, we choose what our daydreams will be about, which we cannot usually do with dreams. So we cannot decide what to dream. Hence the statement is FALSE
For the second question, the passage clearly states that many day dreams are unlikely to happen and only some day dreams are likely to happen. So the statement is TRUE.
For the third question, “formation” also means “development”. From the passage we understand that, people in creative fields develop new ideas through daydreaming. So the statement is TRUE.
For the fourth statement, it is not mentioned anywhere in the passage that there is a possibility of a day dream to become a dream. So it is NOT GIVEN.
For the fifth question, the passage clearly states that it was Albert Einstein who said that imagination is more important than knowledge. So the statement is FALSE.
What section of IELTS contains the TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN questions?
The Reading section of IELTS contains the TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN questions.
Are the questions asked in the same order in which the text or the information is given?
Yes. But, it is highly recommended that you read the passage carefully and answer the questions.
Should I skim or scan the question?
You will neither skim (briefly understand) nor scan ( look only for specific information) the question. You have to read the question carefully, to be able to answer it.
Will the answers be paraphrased ( in the text given)?
Yes. You need to know the synonyms of various words in English to answer the questions given.
How do I determine TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN from the information given?
If the fact is TRUE, then there should be an exact match.
The answer will be FALSE when the text states one meaning and the fact given states another meaning.
If you have no idea about the answer, then write NOT GIVEN, because probably the answer may not be available in the text.