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IELTS Reading Matching Sentence Endings - Lessons, Tips
IELTS Reading Matching Sentence Endings – Lessons, Tips

IELTS Reading Matching Sentence Endings – Lessons, Tips

Understanding IELTS Matching Sentence Endings Questions

This type of question doesn’t come as often as other types in the IELTS exam. However, this shouldn’t encourage you to skip matching sentence endings altogether. Generally, matching sentence ending questions come with two lists – a list of incomplete sentences and another one of possible sentence endings. You will have to match them on the basis of the information provided in the passage. 

Strategies for answering the Matching sentence endings questions

There are a few strategies that have to be borne in mind while answering these types of questions. They are listed below:

  • To start with, just read the incomplete sentence and understand the meaning. 
  • Highlight all of the keywords as this will help concentrate on the meaning and discover the words you will be scanning in the text.
  • Read the endings of the sentence to get the basic idea.
  • Now, begin looking for potential matches. Many of the possibilities will be wrong because of the grammatical structure or their meaning. Thus, remove these immediately.
  • To find answers, go to the first incomplete sentence and look for the keywords in the passage. If there are dates, places, numbers or names, it will be easier to spot the answer.
  • Also, when scanning, look for paraphrasing and synonyms.
  • Once you have found the answer, double-check the matched sentence that is grammatically correct and fill in the answer. 

Tips for Matching Sentence Endings IELTS questions

Some tips to answer the questions and obtain a high band in the IELTS examination are given below: 

  • The answers will be in the same order as the list of incomplete sentences.
  • Use the elimination process to get the correct answer. 
  • Don’t read the complete text until you have studied the incomplete sentences and the endings.
  • Only read the relevant sentences.
  • You will have to match meanings and not the exact words. Thus, look for paraphrasing and words.
  • You must ensure that the grammatical structure of two halves of the sentence is matching correctly

Sample Practice

Telepathy

Can human beings communicate by thought alone? For more than a century the issue of telepathy has divided the scientific community, and even today it still sparks bitter controversy among top academics.

A. Since the 1970s, parapsychologists at leading universities and research institutes around the world have risked the derision of sceptical colleagues by putting the various claims for telepathy to the test in dozens of rigorous scientific studies. The results and their implications are dividing even the researchers who uncovered them. Some researchers say the results constitute compelling evidence that telepathy is genuine. Other parapsychologists believe the field is on the brink of collapse, having tried to produce definitive scientific proof and failed. Sceptics and advocates alike do concur on one issue, however, that the most impressive evidence so far has come from the so-called ‘ganzfeld’ experiments, a German term that means ‘whole field’. Reports of telepathic experiences had by people during meditation led parapsychologists to suspect that telepathy might involve ‘signals’ passing between people that were so faint that they were usually swamped by normal brain activity. In this case, such signals might be more easily detected by those experiencing meditation-like tranquillity in a relaxing ‘whole field’ of light, sound and warmth.

B. Various theories have been put forward, many focusing on esoteric ideas from theoretical physics. They include ‘quantum entanglement’, in which events affecting one group of atoms instantly affect another group, no matter how far apart they may be. While physicists have demonstrated entanglement with specially prepared atoms, no-one knows if it also exists between atoms making up human minds. Answering such questions would transform parapsychology. This has prompted some researchers to argue that the future lies not in collecting more evidence for telepathy, but in probing possible mechanisms. Some work has begun already, with researchers trying to identify people who are particularly successful in autoganzfeld trials. Early results show that creative and artistic people do much better than average: in one study at the University of Edinburgh, musicians achieved a hit-rate of 56 per cent. Perhaps more tests like these will eventually give the researchers the evidence they are seeking and strengthen the case for the existence of telepathy.

Questions 1-3

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A —G, below.

Write the correct letter, A—G, in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.

  1. Researchers with differing attitudes towards telepathy agree on
  2. Reports of experiences during meditation indicated
  3. Attitudes to parapsychology would alter drastically with
A the discovery of a mechanism for telepathy.

B the need to create a suitable environment for telepathy.

C their claims of a high success rate.

D a solution to the problem posed by random guessing.

E the significance of the ganzfeld experiments.

F a more careful selection of subjects.

G a need to keep altering conditions.

Answers

1. the significance of the ganzfeld experiments.

2. the need to create a suitable environment for telepathy.

3. the discovery of a mechanism for telepathy.

Explanation

For the first question, the answer is in the first para, seventh line; “Sceptics and advocates alike do concur on one issue, however, that the most impressive evidence so far has come from the so-called ‘ganzfeld’ experiments, a German term that means ‘whole field’.”

For the second question, the answer is in the first para, ninth line; “Reports of telepathic experiences had by people during meditation led parapsychologists to suspect that telepathy might involve ‘signals’ passing between people that were so faint that they were usually swamped by normal brain activity. In this case, such signals might be more easily detected by those experiencing meditation-like tranquillity in a relaxing ‘whole field’ of light, sound and warmth.”

For the third question, the answer is in the second para, fifth line; “Answering such questions would transform parapsychology. This has prompted some researchers to argue that the future lies not in collecting more evidence for telepathy, but in probing possible mechanisms.”

FAQs

What are the skills required to attempt matching sentence endings questions?

You should know how to scan keywords, recognise grammatical structures, identify paraphrasing and synonyms, and using context to make predictions. 

What type of keywords should I underline?

You can underline keywords like modal verbs, nouns, names, numbers, dates, places, and more. 

Will I get sentences exactly as mentioned in the passage?

No, you will not get exact sentences. They will be paraphrased and synonyms will be used. 

Here are the 10 examples for the IELTS Reading Matching Sentence Endings:

Also check: 

Written By

Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through ieltsmaterial.com. With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

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