IELTS Reading Matching Features – Lessons, Tips
- 1 Understanding IELTS Matching Features Questions
- 2 Strategies for Answering the Matching Features Questions
- 3 Tips for Matching Features IELTS Questions
- 4 Sample Practice
- 5 Pronunciation and Physiognomy
- 6 Answers
- 7 FAQs
In IELTS Reading, there are around six major types of questions, one of them is the Matching type. Under the broader section of Matching questions, you will find one sub-type known as the Matching Features. In this article, we will discuss some tips and examples to help you understand it.
Understanding IELTS Matching Features Questions
In this type of question, you will have to match a list of options with the relevant set of statements. Options will be given in a box. Generally, these options are either features or some names, which are mentioned in the passage. Unlike the given text, statements will not be in an order. Along with that, statements will be paraphrased information as compared to the text. Also, in comparison to questions, there will be more options to select from.
Strategies for Answering the Matching Features Questions
There are a few strategies that have to be borne in mind while answering these types of questions. They are listed below:
- It is recommended to glance through the questions before reading the passage. This will offer you an idea of what to check while scanning and skimming the passage. Begin thinking of possible synonyms and paraphrases to say what has been listed in the questions.
- Briefly underline all of the keywords available in the questions, and you will get a better understanding of what should be looked at in the passage.
- Once you have completed reading questions, have a look at the options from where you can choose. If the given options include names, keep in mind that these names might appear as first or last names in the text. If the options contain different details, look out for these words in the passage.
- While scanning the passage, underline or circle options available in the box. This will help you find out where you would have to read and find later. Also, focus on how often every detail or name is appearing in the passage.
- As mentioned above, you must look for information in the passage regarding the answer options. For those answer options that come multiple times in the passage, you would have to skim the surrounded information to match correctly with the provided options.
- As a general rule, it is time-restrictive if you read the complete passage. Make sure you are abreast with the scanning technique.
- Don’t get confused in case the text has synonyms of the information that is originally present in the question.
- Don’t expect answers to be in the order as questions.
Tips for Matching Features IELTS Questions
Some tips to answer the questions and obtain a high band in the IELTS examination are given below:
- Read questions and underline or circle keywords
- Scan the passage and look for information given in the features and questions
- Skim through the areas that are surrounded by keywords and features in the passage
- Write letters in the answer sheet
- Keep in mind that answers will not be in an order
Pronunciation and Physiognomy
Imagine the scene: you are sitting on the tube anti on guts someone you instinctively feel Is American, To make sure you ask them the time, fend is light, but how did you know?
A. The writer Arthur Hue’s tier onto remarked that friends of his, whom he met thirty years after they emigrated to the United States, had acquired an “American physiognomy”, i.e. a broadened jaw, an appearance which is also prevalent In the indigenous population. An anthropologist friend of his attributed this to the increased use of the jaw musculature In American enunciation. This “change of countenance” in immigrants had already been observed by the historian M. Fishberg in 1910. To paraphrase the philosopher Emerson, certain national, social and religious groups, such as ageing actors, long-term convicts and celibate priests, to give just a few examples, develop a distinguishing “look”, which is not easily defined, but readily recognised, Their way of life affects their facial expression and physical features, giving the mistaken impression that these traits are of hereditary or racial” origin. All the factors mentioned above contribute, as well as heredity, lint the question of appearance being affected by pronunciation, as in the ease of American immigrants (including those from other English speaking countries) over the course of many years, is of great interest and culls fur further study into the science of voice production. This can only benefit those working in the field of speech therapy, elocution and the pronunciation of foreign languages, and help the student from a purely physiological point of view, Naturally, the numerous psychological and socio-linguistic factors that inhibit most adult learners of foreign languages from acquiring a “good” pronunciation constitute a completely different and no less important Issue that requires separate investigation.
B. The pronunciation of the various forms of English around the world today is affected by the voice being “plated” in different parts of the mouth, We use DUI-speech organs in certain ways to produce specific sounds, and these muscles have to practice to learn new phonemes, Non-Americans should look In the mirror while repeating “I really never heard of poor reward for valor with full use of the USA retroflex hi phoneme, and note what happens to their jawbones after three or four repetitions. Imagine the effect of these movements on the jaw muscles after twenty years! This phoneme is one of the most noticeable features of US English and one that non-A merit and is always exaggerate when mimicking the accent, Likewise, standard British REL is often parodied, and its whine of superiority mocked to the point of turning the end of one’s nose up as much as possible. Not only does this enhance the “performance”, but also begs the question of whether this look is the origin of the expression “stuck up”?
Write the appropriate letter in Boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.
Note that there are more Observations than people, so you will not use all of them.
You can use each observation once only.
Use the information in the text to match the People listed (1-3) with the Observations (1-vii).
i. Americans use their jaw more to enunciate
ii. Immigrants acquire physiognomical features common among the Indigenous population
iii. Facial expression and physical features arc hereditary
iv. Lifestyle affects physiognomy
v. Americans have a broadened jaw
vi. The appearance of his friends had changed since they moved to the United States
vii. The change of countenance was unremarkable
For the first question, the answer is in the first paragraph, 1st line; “The writer Arthur Hue’s tier onto remarked that friends of his, whom he met thirty years after they emigrated to the United States, had acquired an “American physiognomy”
For the second question, the answer is in paragraph from 1st line, “The writer Arthur Hue’s tier onto remarked that friends of his, whom he met thirty years after they emigrated to the United States, had acquired an “American physiognomy”, i.e. a broadened jaw, an appearance which is also prevalent In the indigenous population. An anthropologist friend of his attributed this to the increased use of the jaw musculature In American enunciation. This “change of countenance” in immigrants had already been observed by the historian M. Fishberg in 1910,.” i. is incorrect because it was an anthropologist friend of Koestler who said this” ii. is not correct, because Koestler was talking about his friends rather than Immigrants in general; and v is not stated as a general principle.vi. is incorrect, because Plshberg was talking about immigrants in general, not his friends.
For the third question, the answer can be found In the first para paragraph, 9th line; “Their way of life affects their facial expression and physical features, giving the mistaken impression that these traits are of hereditary or racial” origin.” . iii. Is incorrect, because Emerson says this is a mistaken impression.
What are the skills required to attempt matching features questions?
Skills that you would require are scanning the text for names and features, recognising paraphrasing and synonyms and using context to figure out the meaning.
What are the names of in matching features?
In this type, the general names are of researchers, experts and scientists.
What will be the statement about?
Normally, you will have to deal with research findings, theories, years and places.
Here are the 10 examples for the IELTS Reading Matching Features:
- Example 1
- Example 2
- Example 3
- Example 4
- Example 5
- Example 6
- Example 7
- Example 8
- Example 9
- Example 10