IELTS Writing Topic:
WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts below give information about the composition of household rubbish in the United Kingdom in two different years.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people believe that using animals to test the safety of human medicines is cruel and unwarranted, whereas others feel it is a medical necessity.
Discuss both views and state your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Task 1 Model Answer
The different components of household rubbish in the United Kingdom in 1985 and 2002 are shown in the two pie charts.
The percentage of kitchen/organic waste jumped from 28% in 1985 to 44% in 2002, representing the greatest increase in that time. In contrast, paper waste was significantly reduced from 36% in 1985 to 16% in 2002. The proportion made up of plastic waste remained the same in both years at 7%. Similarly, the percentages of wood and textile waste remained relatively stable at 5% (wood) and 3% (textiles) in 1985 and 6% and 2% in 2002 respectively.
The miscellaneous category which appeared in the 2002 pic chart did not feature in Ac 1985 pic chart. Also, the category of dust and cinders, which represented 8% of household rubbish in 1985, disappeared from the 2002 breakdown.
In general, the proportions of most categories of household waste remained similar from 1985 to 2002, but the two major changes were represented by an increased kitchen /organic waste and reduced paper waste.
Task 2 Model Answer
Animal testing has become a highly controversial debate in recent years, with strong and emotive arguments presented on both sides.
Testing medicines on animals is supported by those who argue that if not animals, then who? Animals are seen as the only logical testing population close to humans to identify and test the efficacy of different medicines, including those involved in cancer treatment and other potentially life-saving drugs. Furthermore, there is the notion that animals do not feel or experience pain and suffering in the same ways that humans do. All research on animals is conducted ethically.
However, the other side of the debate revolves around the argument that animals experience pain and suffering, and it is simply unacceptable to subject them to medical testing. Also, opponents of medical testing on animals point out that the results are not necessarily reliable when applied to human beings: even though we might be very similar as mammals, we are not the same. This theory questions the entire philosophical base behind testing medicine on animals. There is also the moral question of whether we humans have the right to subject animals to inhumane experiments against their will.
In my opinion, the use of animals for medical testing is morally wrong. I feel that animals deserve respect and kindness. Alternatives to medical testing on animals must be sought.
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