Overpopulation in Many Major Urban Centres Around the World is a Major Problem- IELTS Writing Task 2
Below you will find a sample essay for the IELTS Essay type: Cause and Solution Essay. By studying this Essay, you can prepare for the IELTS Essay Writing task. This sample essay is written on the topic of Overpopulation.
Overpopulation in many major urban centres around the world is a major problem. What are the causes of this? How can this problem be solved?
Cause and Solution Essay
Para 1 : ( Causes ) Overpopulation is rising at an alarming rate in major cities around the world.
Paragraph 1: ( reasons on the issue ) To begin with, although there are plenty of schools and colleges in rural cities, there are very few universities.
Paragraph 2: ( what can be done to reduce the issues ). Secondly, the state authorities and the government should promote multinational companies to open their branches in undeveloped areas.
Summarize your answers
Overpopulation is rising at an alarming rate in major cities around the world. It is caused by the migration of rural people into urban areas due to the lack of educational or employment opportunities in villages and small towns. Building educational institutions and industries in villages is the most viable solution to this problem.
To begin with, although there are plenty of schools and colleges in rural cities, there are very few universities. It forces many aspiring students to migrate to cities in order to pursue their higher education. Secondly, in urban areas, there is a plethora of industries and companies which provide astronomical employment opportunities to the aspirants. For example, in India, in the last few decades, numerous multinational companies have recruited a major portion of the graduates to work in their firms located in various countries. This, in turn, inspires more and more people to move towards urban centres and better career prospects.
These issues can be tackled by the government by building schools and colleges in villages. This move will make higher education easily accessible to rural people and thus mitigate migration. Secondly, the state authorities and the government should promote multinational companies to open their branches in undeveloped areas. By doing so, the locals may get an employment opportunity in their hometowns . The government can also look to provide incentives to the local farmers, and help supply irrigation facilities to increase the production rate of crops. Hence, people can obtain enough money to survive in less developed areas.
In conclusion, if the government takes necessary steps to build universities and encourage companies to set-up their operations in rural cities, the problem of overpopulation in developed cities can be tackled.
Band 9 Sample Essay
Overpopulation is one of the most severe threats to the planet, producing economic, social, and environmental problems in recent years. It’s been growing at an alarming rate, and it’s a worldwide phenomenon. It is critical for people to become more aware of overpopulation as soon as possible, as awareness is the only way to address this developing catastrophe. Thus, the following essay will elucidate the causes and solutions for this pressing issue.
To begin with, the apparent reason for cities’ overcrowding is that they entice young people with abundant educational, medical, and employment options. Individuals are drawn to metropolitan centres because they offer a variety of opportunities such as better paying professions and better work-life balance. Also, many firms and corporate industries are concentrated in metropolitan regions, causing many young adults from rural and urban areas to relocate to cities in quest of better work prospects and a higher standard of living. Another significant reason for urbanization is the increased availability and accessibility of high-quality education and world-class medical facilities, which benefit everyone’s health and future prospects.
There are, however, viable methods that can be implemented to address these challenges and prevent overpopulation. To begin with, the government can employ the media to project the horrors of overpopulation. Second, the government can offer financial aid and incentives to those who live in smaller towns to start their own businesses. Finally, the government can also provide housing subsidies to encourage individuals to stay in or relocate to rural areas. Furthermore, greater infrastructure and facilities for rural residents should be provided to deter migration from the countryside to cities. Overcrowding in urban areas can be alleviated by improving hospitals, educational institutions, and job prospects in rural areas.
To sum up, overpopulation is a huge problem in the current global scenario, which requires immediate solutions as it has reached alarming rates. Although there are no easy solutions to the complex problem of urban migration, the government and the private sectors can address it by coordinating and taking appropriate steps such as constructing 24/7 medical hospitals colleges and setting up businesses in rural areas to improve the livelihood of the rural population.
Definition : a thing that motivates or encourages someone to do something.
Eg. It is essential to give farmers an incentive to improve their land.
Definition : make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task).
Eg. The police have launched an initiative to tackle rising crime.
Definition : the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels.
Eg. The government can irrigate the supply of water for agricultural crops
Definition : capable of working successfully; feasible.
Eg. The proposed investment was viable for the benefits of the company
Definition : directing one’s hopes or ambitions towards becoming a specified type of person.
Eg . He is aspiring to create a masterpiece one day.
- Migrate / Migration
Definition : move to a new area or country in order to find work or better living conditions.
Eg. The rural populations have migrated to urban areas for better livelihood.
Definition : a large or excessive amount of something.
Eg. There were a plethora of subcommittees to join.
Definition : extremely large.
Eg. He wanted to be compensated with an astronomical fee for his losses.
Definition : the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.
Eg. There was no prospect of reconciling with his friends and family at the event.
Definition : less severe, serious, or painful.
Eg . Various government schemes have helped to mitigate unemployment issues in the country.