IELTS Environment Vocabulary : Useful Phrases & Expressions in IELTS Speaking


Environment is a controversial topic in life, and in the IELTS as well. If you don’t prepare yourself for this topic, you will find it hard to express your idea when facing the topic in the IELTS test or in the real-life conversation. Thus, our advice is that you should equip yourself with some phrases and collocations about environment right now.

At first, there are several causes and solution of environmental issues.

Causes of Environmental Problems

  • Chemical and industrial waste

Example: The chemical and industrial waste being released from factories cause to the pollution of my local area.

  • Emission from cars and motorbikes

Example: The pollution of land and air can be blamed for emission from cars and motorbikes.


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Solutions to Environmental Problems

  • To raise people awareness of preserving water and forest resources

Example: It is necessary to run some campaigns to raise people awareness of preserving water and forest resource.

  • To use alternative energy resources

Example: In order to mitigate the environmental issues, alternative energy resources such as wind and solar energy should be implemented.

Collocations and Phrases for IELTS Speaking Test – Topic : Environment

1. Wildlife reserve/ nature reserve/ game reserve : an area of land in which plants and animals are protected

Example: Rare animals should be protected in game reserve.

2. Wildlife conservation : to protect animals and plants and their habitats

Example: The government are considering whether they should invest money on wildlife conservation.

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3. Natural environment : the place where animals and plants would normally be found

Example: Legislation to protect natural environment should be enacted due to enhanced greenhouse effect.

4. Toxic waste/poisonous fumes/emissions : poisonous rubbish produced by industrial process

Example: Local people are suffered from great deal of toxic waste being released by factories.

5. Air quality : the cleanliness of the air we breathe

Example: Living in the environment with high air quality can have a good impact on our health.

6. Pollution levels : the amount of toxic waste

Example: Many factories are releasing waste illegally into air and water, which contributes to the increase of pollution levels.

7. Man-made disaster : widespread damage or loss of life brought about by action of humans

Example: Man-made disaster is a controversial issue, and people should pay more attention to find a solution for this problem.

8. Loss of habitats : the decline in areas of land where animals and plants would normally exit

Example: Due to logging, loss of habitats is increasingly common at present.

9. Endangered species : animals or plants are on the verge of extinction

Example: We have to take the responsibility for protecting endangered species from hunting and natural disaster.

10. To die out : to become extinction

Example: The population of Kangaroo are is in danger of dying out.

11. Global warming : the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as CO2

Example: We are beginning to experience global warming due to the enhanced greenhouse effect.

12. Greenhouse effect : the gradual warming of the air surrounding the Earth as a result of heating trapped by pollution

Example: The deforestation of forests is contributing to greenhouse effect.

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IELTS Speaking Task 1 :

Are there any environmental problems in your country ?

Absolutely yes, the most common environmental issue in my hometown is exhausted emissions produced by cars and motorbikes have been afflicting the air and water quality. My government is struggling to deal with the problem.

Do you take an interest in nature ?

Of course yes, As a city person, I barely have a opportunity to experience the natural environment. Then whenever I have a holiday, I really prefer to go to the far-off destination, so I could get closer to the nature and discover the natural world.

Do you or your family take steps to help the environment ?

Yes we do. We always turn of lights or electronic appliances when they are unnecessary. Although this is minor action, but I believe that it could make significantly contribution to the environment.

IELTS Speaking Task 2 :

Describe environmental pollution in you city.

  • What type of pollution is/are?
  • Why it had happened?
  • And explain how this pollution can be controlled?

Sample Answer :

Since I have been living in Hanoi for almost 8 years, I have the chance to see how the city has changed over these years. Due to the increasing number of tourists, Hanoi’s environment has been polluted significantly. Indeed, many people traveling to there has thrown illegally thrown rubbish into the land and water, which causes to land and water pollution. In addition, industrial and household waste from factories and families is contributing to the high level of pollution.

In order to solve this issues, I would recommend the Hanoi’s authority to heavily fine who are caught releasing trash into the atmosphere. By enforcing out the rule, people with intent to litter the environment will be afraid of being punished, which can deter them from discharging unlawful waste . Another solution is that the government should run some campaigns to raise the awareness of people about how important the environment is. For example, showing local people and visitors the danger of global warming and greenhouse effect that I believe could change their attitude towards the protection of environment, which is likely to have a good impact on air quality.

Although the two actions above is just simple, I think it will be an effective way to mitigate the environmental contamination in a long-term.

IELTS Speaking Part 3 :

What do you think is the main danger the world face in term of environment ?

It would have to be global warming, which cause some natural disasters such as flash flood and drought. The problem mainly stems from enhanced greenhouse effect in recent year. I believe that several steps should be taken to deal with the issue.

What example are there of how we damage the natural world ?

There are factories that release toxic waste directly into the air and water, which is main cause of air and water pollution. As a result loss of habitats is increasingly common, many people are diagnosed with health problems such as lung and throat cancer. In addition, a large number of land and rain forests are destroyed to make a way for agriculture field.

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Syed Monif is a professional content marketer and IELTS Trainer by day, and a bookworm by night, and sometimes during the day too! He currently works on creating extremely user-friendly and engaging content for the online portal His work involves creating and editing content while making sure they're super interesting and easy to read! And also as a master procrastinator, right now he's probably googling something so arbitrary like 'How rich is Scrooge McDuck?' without realizing that his lunch break is almost over.

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