This page shows how to write a report for the given table or chart in a systematic way in order to get a good IELTS Band score in the examination.
Table and Pie chart showing household income
Task 1: The information below gives details about household income and spending on food and clothes by an average family in a UK city in 2010 and 2013.
Report Plan :
Paraphrase: gives details about, shows, illustrates; spending and expenditure. Write one sentence for each type of diagram.
Summary/overview paragraph: (1) total family income fell (2) percentage spent on fruits and vegetables rose significantly in 2013.
Paragraph 3: total household income fell; the proportion spent on food and clothes rose (see the table).
Paragraph 4: Compare spending on clothes (% falls) with spending on fruits and vegetables/dairy products (% increases).
Paragraph 5: Compare spending on ‘other food and drink’ (stable) and meat and fish (% decreases).
The table shows total family income per household in a UK city in 2010 and 2013, together with specific expenditure on food and clothes. The pie chart illustrates how spending on food and clothes were broken down into 5 categories.
Overall, it is clear that total income fell in 2013, whereas spending on food and clothes increased from 2010. The proportion spent on fruits and vegetables rose sharply in 2013.
Total household income saw a significant fall, from £29,000 in 2010 to £25,000 in 2013. Despite this overall decline, expenditure on food and clothes rose by £1000, to reach £15,000 by 2013
On analysing expenditure on food and clothes, the proportion spent on clothes decreased from 22% in 2010 to 12% in 2013. In terms of spending on food, there was a notable increase in the figure for fruits and vegetables, from 20% to 35%. The proportion spent on dairy products also rose, reaching 20% in 2013.
In contrast, while the percentage spent on other food and drink remained the same at 18%, the figure for spending on meat and fish fell significantly from 25% in 2010 to 15% in 2013.
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