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IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 4
IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 4

IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 4

The Economic Importance Of Coral Reefs

A. A lot of people around the world are dependent, or partly dependent, on coral reefs for their livelihoods. They often live adjacent to the reef, and their livelihood revolves around the direct extraction, processing and sale of reef resources such as shell fish and seaweeds. In addition, their homes are sheltered by the reef from wave action.

B. Reef flats and shallow reef lagoons are accessible on foot, without the need for a boat, and so allow women, children and the elderly to engage directly in manual harvesting, or ‘reef-gleaning’. This is a significant factor distinguishing reef-based fisheries from near-shore sea fisheries. Near-shore fisheries are typically the domain of adult males, in particular where they involve the use of boats, with women and children restricted mainly to shore-based activities. However, in a coral-reef fishery the physical accessibility of the reef opens up opportunities for direct participation by women, and consequently increases their independence and the importance of their role in the community. It also provides a place for children to play, and to acquire important skills and knowledge for later in life. For example, in the South West Island of Tobi, in the Pacific Ocean, young boys use simple hand lines with a loop and bait at the end to develop the art of fishing on the reef. Similarly, in the Surin Islands of Thailand, young Moken boys spend much of their time playing, swimming and diving in shallow reef lagoons, and in doing so build crucial skills for their future daily subsistence.

Questions 1-4

Using NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS, answer the following questions.

Write your answers in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

  1. From the passage, what exactly are people depending upon for their livelihoods?
  2. How does the reef protect homes?
  3. What does near shore fisheries involve?
  4. How do Moken youngsters spend their time? 

Answers

  1. Coral reefs 
  2. Shelters from wave actions
  3. The use of boats
  4. Swimming and diving 

Explanation

For the first question, the answer is in the first para, 1st line; “A lot of people around the world are dependent, or partly dependent, on coral reefs for their livelihoods.”

The second answer is in the first para, 4th line; “In addition, their homes are sheltered by the reef from wave action.”

The third answer is in the second para, 4th line; “Near-shore fisheries are typically the domain of adult males, in particular where they involve the use of boats, with women and children restricted mainly to shore-based activities.”

For the fourth question, the answer is in the second para, 11th line; “Similarly, in the Surin Islands of Thailand, young Moken boys spend much of their time playing, swimming and diving in shallow reef lagoons, and in doing so build crucial skills for their future daily subsistence.”

Also check: 

Written By

Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through ieltsmaterial.com. With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

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