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IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 8
IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 8

IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 8

Is it time to halt the rising tide of plastic packaging?

A. Close up, plastic packaging can be a marvellous thing. Those who make a living from it call it a forgotten infrastructure that allows modem urban life to exist. Plastics have helped society defy natural limits such as the seasons, the rotting of food and the distance most of us live from where our food is produced. And yet we do not like it. Partly we do not like waste, but plastic waste, with its hydrocarbon roots and industrial manufacture, is especially galling. In 2008, the UK, for example, produced around two million tonnes of plastic waste, twice as much as in the early 1990s. The very qualities of plastic – its cheapness, its indestructible aura – make it a reproachful symbol of an unsustainable way of life.

B. The facts, however, do not justify our unease. All plastics are, at least theoretically, recyclable. Plastic packaging makes up just 6 to 7 per cent of the contents of British dustbins by weight and less than 3 percent of landfills. Supermarkets and brands, which are under pressure to reduce the quantity of packaging of all types that they use, are finding good environmental reasons to turn to plastic: it is lighter, so requires less energy for transportation than glass, for example; it requires relatively little energy to produce, and it is often re-usable. An Austrian study found that if plastic packaging were removed from the tire supply chain, another packaging would have to increase fourfold to make up for it. So are we just wrong about plastic packaging?

Questions 1-3

Using NO MORE THAN FIVE WORDS, answer the following questions.

Write your answers in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.

  1. How does plastic help society?
  2. What makes plastic unsustainable?
  3. Why do supermarkets prefer plastic over glass?

Answers

  1. By defying natural limits
  2. Cheapness and indestructible aura
  3. Needs less transportation energy

Explanation

The first answer is in the first para, 2nd line; “Plastics have helped society defy natural limits such as the seasons, the rotting of food and the distance most of us live from where our food is produced.”

The second answer is in the first para, 7th line; “The very qualities of plastic – its cheapness, its indestructible aura – make it a reproachful symbol of an unsustainable way of life.”

For the third question, the answer is in the second para, 3rd line; “Supermarkets and brands, which are under pressure to reduce the quantity of packaging of all types that they use, are finding good environmental reasons to turn to plastic: it is lighter, so requires less energy for transportation than glass, for example; it requires relatively little energy to produce, and it is often re-usable.”

Also check: 

Written By

Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through ieltsmaterial.com. With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

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