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IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 9
IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 9

IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions | Example 9

Nature on display in American zoos

by Elizabeth Hanson

A. The first zoo in the United States opened in Philadelphia in 1874, followed by the Cincinnati Zoo the next year. By 1940 there were zoos in more than one hundred American cities. The Philadelphia Zoo was more thoroughly planned and better financed than most of the hundreds of zoos that would open later. But in its landscape and its mission – to both educate and entertain, it embodied ideas about how to build a zoo that stayed consistent for decades. The zoos came into existence in the late nineteenth century during the transition of the United States from a rural and agricultural nation to an industrial one.

B. The population more than doubled between 1860 and 1990. As more middle-class people lived in cities, they began seeking new relationships with the natural world as a place for recreation, self-improvement, and Spiritual renewal. Cities established systems of public parks, and nature tourism – already popular – became even more fashionable with the establishment of national parks. Nature was thought to be good for people of all ages and classes. Nature study was incorporated into the school curriculum, and natural history collecting became an increasingly popular pastime.

Questions 1-4

Using NO MORE THAN FIVE WORDS, answer the following questions.

Write your answers in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

  1. In which year did the US have its second zoo?
  2. What transition did the US see in the late 19th century?
  3. What were the reasons behind city people connecting to nature?
  4. What additions did the school curriculum see?

Answers

  1. 1875
  2. From agricultural to industrial nation
  3. Recreation, self-improvement and  spiritual renewal
  4. Nature study

Explanation

The first answer is in the first para, 1st line; “The first zoo in the United States opened in Philadelphia in 1874, followed by the Cincinnati Zoo the next year.”

The second answer is in the first para, 6th line; “The zoos came into existence in the late nineteenth century during the transition of the United States from a rural and agricultural nation to an industrial one.”

For the third question, the answer is in the second para, 1st line; “The population more than doubled between 1860 and 1990. As more middle-class people lived in cities, they began seeking new relationships with the natural world as a place for recreation, self-improvement, and Spiritual renewal.”

The fourth answer is in the second para, 6th line; “Nature study was incorporated into the school curriculum, and natural history collecting became an increasingly popular pastime.”

Also check: 

Written By

Nafia Zuhana is an experienced content writer and IELTS Trainer. Currently, she is guiding students who are appearing for IELTS General and Academic exams through ieltsmaterial.com. With an 8.5 score herself, she trains and provides test takers with strategies, tips, and nuances on how to crack the IELTS Exam. She holds a degree in Master of Arts – Creative Writing, Oxford Brookes University, UK. She has worked with The Hindu for over a year as an English language trainer.

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