Australia’s Lost Giants IELTS Reading Answers
The Academic passage ‘Australia’s Lost Giants’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 26 – 38. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that help you find out the answers.
Australia’s Lost Giants
|Question number||Answer||Keywords||Location of keywords|
|26||F||Bones disintegrate, the land erodes, the climate changes, forests come and go, rivers change their course – and history, if not destroyed, is steadily concealed.||Paragraph F;
|27||E||Wellington Caves, Diprotodon, the largest known marsupial – an animal which carries its young in a pouch like kangaroos and koalas – was first discovered.||Paragraph E;
|28||A||It took Wells a moment to realize what he was looking at: the bones of thousands of creatures that must have fallen through holes in the ground above and become trapped.||Paragraph A;
|29||E||Later, between 1909 and 1915 sediments in Mammoth Cave that contained fossils were hauled
out and examined in a chaotic manner that no scientist today would approve.
|30||B||But this period of extinction wasn’t comprehensive. North America
kept its deer, black bears and a small type of bison, and South America its jaguars and
Line 4 – 5
|31||B||Today the person most vocal about the site is archeologist Judith Field. In 1991, she discovered megafauna bones directly adjacent to stone tools – a headlinemaking find.||Paragraph D;
Lines 4 – 5
|32||C||Nonsense, say her critics. They say the fossils have been moved from their original
resting places and redeposited in younger sediments.
Lines 9 – 10
|33||A,C||Modern humans, Martin said, created havoc as they spread through the Americas, wielding spears to annihilate animals that had never faced a technological predator||Paragraph B;
|34||A,D||Still, one bone in particular has drawn extensive attention: a femur with a cut in it, possibly left there by a sharp tool & Paleontologist Peter Murray has studied a rock painting in far northern Australia that shows what looks very much like a megafauna marsupial known as Palorchestes.||Paragraph E;
|35||A||Given how much ink has been spilled on the extinction of the dinosaurs, it’s a wonder that even more hasn’t been devoted to megafauna||Paragraph A;
|38||B||The more basic problem with Flannery’s thesis is that there is no direct evidence that they killed any Australian megafauna.||Paragraph C;
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