Designing and Shipping Reading Answers
Designing and Shipping is a real IELTS Reading test passage from past papers.
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Designing and shipping after the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-14, which are based on the Reading Passage below.
Find the practice test with the Designing and shipping after the Restriction of Hazardous Substances PDF here.
|1||B||Paragraph 6 states that “Many Marcano, president and CEO of EMA Design Automation Inc. (Rochester, N.Y.), cited the impact of parts obsolescence, including the need to redesign older products and the resultant emphasis on component engineering.” From the line, ‘need to redesign older products, ’ we can infer that Manny Marcano claims that old products need to be redesigned. Hence, the correct answer is “B.”|
|2||C||The last line of paragraph 10 puts forward the idea that “Harvey Stone, managing director for consultancy GoodBye Chain Group said with price, quality and service being relatively equal, a savvy customer is going to choose a RoHS-compliant product.” From the line, ‘customer is going to choose a RoHS-compliant product,’ we can deduce that Harvey Stone claims that customers will want a RoHS-compliant product. Hence, the correct answer is “C.”|
|3||E||Paragraph 9 discusses that Steve Schultz said, “Steve Schultz, director of strategic planning and communications at Avent Logistics and program manager for the distributor’s compliance efforts for RoH in the Americas.” Since Steve Schultz is the director of strategic planning and communication at Avent logistics, it explains that he is involved in planning and communication. Hence, the correct answer is “E.”|
|4||G||In paragraph 5, there’s a line that Ken Stanvick said, “we had great tribal knowledge when it came to dealing with leaded systems, but we haven’t built up the same amount of knowledge for Pb-free.” So Ken Stanvick, through his statement, claims that we don’t have much knowledge about the Pb-free system. Therefore, more knowledge is needed. Hence, the correct answer is “G.”|
|5||C||Paragraph 1 suggests that “European Union’s ban on the use of six environmentally unfriendly materials.” The term ‘unfriendly’ refers to ‘hostile.’ It has banned six materials that are hostile to the environment. Hence, the correct answer is “G.”|
|6||J||Paragraph 1 talks about “designers have clear evidence that failure to meet the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive means lost sales.” Here lost sales indicates that there will be a decline in sales. Hence, the correct answer is “J.”|
|7||F||In paragraph 3, we can find that “RoHS compliance must become an integral part of a designer’s development process, with RoHS checks at each step.” The term integral part refers to the basic part of the designer’s development process. Hence, the correct answer is “F.”|
|8||H||According to paragraph 4, “a host of technical and reliability issues remain to be sorted out in Pb-free board processing and soldering.” Here the host of technical and reliability can be multiple or numerous. Hence, the correct answer is “H.”|
|9||K||Paragraph 4 also states that “a host of technical and reliability issues remain to be sorted out in Pb-free board processing and soldering.” The term ‘remains to be sorted out.’ means that ‘remains to be solved.’ Hence, the correct answer is “K.”|
|10||L||Paragraph 7 mentions that “previously, they looked at components based on size, performance, electrical parameters, features and functionality.” Since they looked at these components, it signifies that these components were important. Hence, the correct answer is “L.”|
|11||A||In paragraph 7 the author mentions that “now they have to add a new constraint, revolving around environmental compliance.” The term ‘have to add a new constraint’ can also be referred to as a new requirement that needs to be taken into account. Hence, the correct answer is “A.”|
|12||TRUE||There’s a line in paragraph 8 that claims that “if designers do not take RoHS seriously, any country that can prove a product does not comply can levy fines against the vendor.” The term ‘levy’ means ‘impose.’ Hence, this line confirms that countries can impose fines against the vendors who aren’t RoHS compliant. As the statement agrees with the information, the correct answer is “TRUE.”|
|13||FALSE||According to paragraph 9, “But many industry observers believe smaller and medium-size companies will continue to be complacent about the RoHS transition until some major company is cited for non-compliance.” Since the companies continue to be complacent with RoHS, it means that they take RoHS for granted. As the statement contradicts the information, the correct answer is “FALSE.”|
|14||NOT GIVEN||Paragraph 9 states that “Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals legislation, which could restrict the use of thousands of chemicals, and its energy.” However, energy-using directive introduction in the very near future is not mentioned in the passages. Hence, the correct answer is “NOT GIVEN.”|
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