Task 2: Many university students live with their families, while others live away from home because their universities are in different places. What are the advantages and disadvantages of both situations?
• Introduction: refer to the statement, state that there are advantages and disadvantages.
• Paragraph 2: living with families (1) advantage – economize on accommodation (2) advantage – enjoy family support: meals, heating costs, room-sharing (3) disadvantage – too many distractions may harm studies
• Paragraph 3: (1) disadvantage – high cost of accommodation (2) advantage -easier to make study routines and to interact with fellow students.
• Conclusion: personal circumstances differ, but we can identify advantages and disadvantages of both situations.
It is true that, although some university students are able to live with their families while studying in their home town, others are forced to live away from home in order to pursue their studies. There are advantages and disadvantages of both these situations.
If university students are able to live with their families, there are both benefits and drawbacks. Firstly, one major advantage is that they are able to economize, since they do not have to pay for accommodation. Secondly, they enjoy family support in terms of sharing meals, heating costs, possibly even sharing a room with a brother or sister. However, the home situation may also have its disadvantages. Family routines are often disruptive for students who have to concentrate on their studies in a quiet atmosphere. Without a dedicated space in which to study, for example in the evenings or at weekends, it is hard to keep up with a study schedule.
On the other hand, when students live away from home, they also face challenges. One disadvantage is having to find accommodation. Universities are often located in major urban centres, where rents are high if students have to find a room with even the basic facilities. However, there are benefits of learning to study independently in another city. Students are able to escape the distractions of family life, and thereby establish study routines and form friendships with other students who find themselves in the same situation. These factors may help them in their studies.
In conclusion, while there will clearly be differences in the personal circumstances of individual university students, some potential advantages and disadvantages of living at home or away from home can be identified.
• to pursue their studies [expression]:
Meaning: to continue studying
Example: Peter and Mary have got jobs at McDonald’s, but they plan to continue their studies part-time.
• to economize [verb]:
Meaning: to use less money than you normally use
Example: Japan has introduced hydrogen cars to reduce air pollution and to economize on fuel costs.
• disruptive [adjective]:
Meaning: causing problems, such as noise, so that something cannot continue normally
Example: The librarian had to warn some disruptive students who were talking too loudly in the library.
• dedicated [adjective]:
Meaning: used for one particular purpose only
Example: In the USA, some TV channels are dedicated to 24-hour news.
• to keep up with [expression]:
Meaning: to make progress at the same rate as something
Example: The teacher spoke so quickly that it was hard for me to keep up with all the information she gave us.
• to face challenges [expression]:
Meaning: to have to deal with situations which may be difficult
Example: Children from poor families face many challenges if they want to go to university.
• facilities [noun]:
Meaning: equipment provided for a particular purpose
Example: The library has excellent facilities for users to access the internet.
• distractions [noun]:
Meaning: things that take your attention away from what you are doing Example: I find it hard to work at home because there are too many distractions.
• to form friendships [expressions]:
Meaning: to start to create and develop friendships
Example: She formed many close friendships at university, particularly in the subjects that she was studying.
• circumstances [noun]:
Meaning: the facts and conditions which affect a situation
Example: Police said that there were no suspicious circumstances surrounding the death of the President.