Global Warming is One of The Biggest Threats to Our Environment- IELTS Writing Task 2
The Essay Writing section of the IELTS Writing Module can be a difficult task for many IELTS Aspirants. Thus, it is vital that you polish your essay writing skills before attempting the IELTS.
Below is a sample IELTS Essay for the IELTS Essay topic:
Global warming is one of the biggest threats to our environment. What causes global warming? What solutions are there to solve this problem?
Cause and solution Essay
Paragraph 1 : ( State your understanding ) Global warming is a universal concern which has gained worldwide attention.
Paragraph 1: ( cause statements ) The main causes of global warming are man-made. First, it is due to greenhouse gases often produced by power plants.
Paragraph 2 : (solution statements ) Fortunately, there are several measures that could be implemented to mitigate the problems arising from global warming.
Overall summary of your answers
Global warming is a universal concern that has gained worldwide attention. A number of causes have led to this life-threatening phenomenon, the most conspicuous among them being human activities. This problem can be controlled to a certain extent by implementing certain environment-friendly practices.
The main causes of global warming are man-made. First, it is due to greenhouse gases often produced by power plants. When coal is burnt to make electricity, it releases a large amount of CO2 into the atmosphere. The second greatest source of carbon dioxide emissions comes from the petrol burning in motor vehicles which have led to increased toxicity and pollution of the atmosphere. Another reason is deforestation for farmland, wood and paper that contributes to higher temperatures which lead to the melting of polar ice caps and the rising of sea levels.
Fortunately, there are several measures that could be implemented to mitigate the problems arising from global warming. Firstly, the government should encourage power stations and plants to use more environmentally-friendly sources of energy such as renewable energy instead of fossil fuels. Secondly, raising social awareness of environmental protection should be high on the agenda. For instance, television programmes could be used to incentivize people to participate in environmental protection campaigns. Further, the governments of each country should implement stringent laws and rules to control the exploitation of resources and pollution of the environment by various organizations or common people.
In a nutshell, it is clear that there are various reasons for global warming, and steps need to be taken to tackle this problem.
Band 9 Sample Essay
Environmental issues are increasingly burgeoning worldwide, and one of the most pressing problems is global warming which has become humanity’s greatest threat. This phenomenon has several causes, and human actions are the most obvious cause. However, these problems can be tackled by following specific measures. Therefore, the following essay will discuss the causes and possible solutions.
Without a doubt, global warming has a number of negative implications, and the primary causes of this phenomenon are man-made due to their inadequate knowledge and reckless exploitation of natural resources. Firstly, the excessive consumption of fossil fuels that are burnt to produce electricity and run cars results in the release of CO₂ into the atmosphere. Secondly, increased emissions of green house gases have occurred from deforestation and the release of industrial pollutants into the atmosphere. Thirdly, the significant cause behind global warming is the increase in the population resulting in air pollution. As a result, global warming has a higher impact on human health than it does on the environment, water resources, regional sea-level rise, agriculture, natural vegetation, etc.
Global warming can not be blamed on humanity. But it can be addressed and prevented from worsening through human efforts. The state government and world leaders should design and execute concrete plans and programmes to ensure that the environment is not harmed further. The government should implement severe orders requiring industries, power plants, and power stations to use ecologically beneficial practices instead of fossil fuels. Similarly, instead of running gasoline-powered vehicles, consumers can switch to electric and hybrid vehicles, which will reduce pollution and congestion. Since students are future citizens, they should be taught about afforestation, planting saplings, using public transport, and minimising plastics. Even the elders can watch environmental TV shows to engage themselves in environmental conservation campaigns.
To sum up, there are a number of factors that contribute to global warming, some of them are under human control. Although taking efforts to mitigate global warming may appear challenging at first, it is not impossible. Global warming can be controlled with concerted efforts, in which individuals and governments can team up and take appropriate efforts to attain it. Every small step counts and makes a difference in the fight against global warming.
Meaning : make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task).
Eg. The police have launched an initiative to tackle rising crime
Meaning : (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Eg. There has been stringent guidelines on air pollution issued by the government
Meaning : the action of making use of and benefiting from resources.
Eg. The migrant workers were exploited by the government
Meaning : motivate or encourage (someone) to do something; provide with an incentive.
Eg. the company is likely to incentivize the management to find ways to start savings
Meaning : a plan of things to be done or problems to be addressed.
Eg. They vowed to put jobs at the top of the agenda
Meaning : the quality of being very harmful or unpleasant in a pervasive or insidious way.
Eg. There has been various reports about the toxicity caused due to global warming
Meaning : make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Eg. There has been schemes that has helped to mitigate the problem of climate change
Meaning : clearly visible.
Eg. The cause of global warming is conspicuous by the increase in temperature
Meaning : a fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question.
Eg. glaciers are interesting natural phenomena
Meaning : Phrase used to describe in the fewest possible words.
Eg. “she put the matter in a nutshell”