IELTS Writing Actual Test in July, 2015 & Band 9 Sample Two Question Essay – Topic: Natural Resources
The world natural resources are consumed at an ever-increased rate. What are the dangers of this situation? What should we do?
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It is true that there is the growing consumption of natural resources in many parts of the world. This has potential problems, and we need to take actions to combat the issue.
The over exploitation of natural resources results in a number of negative effects. Chief among them is a greater level of environmental contamination. In recent years, emissions from traffic have increased significantly due to the growing demand for fossil fuels in the world. This impairs the quality of life and decreases life expectancy of people. In Vietnam, for example, a growing number of people are suffering from respiratory problems as a result of the deterioration in the air quality. Another consequence is that the natural resources will be dwindling shortly in near future. A possible scenario of this is that countries may fall into a fuel war, which threatens mankind as a whole.
The situation calls for prompt actions. One measure would be that campaigns should be continued to raise public awareness about saving energy. We can, for example, opt for public transport whenever possible rather than relying on our private vehicles. This will contribute to a reduction in the level of exhaust emissions released into the environment, slowing down the progress of global warming. The second remedy is that alternative sources of energy should be developed to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. Solar power, wind power and nuclear energy ought to be invested in to make them viable for public use in the coming years.
In conclusion, an increase in the world’s demand for natural resources is posing a number of threats to society. However, this can be handled by adopting above mentioned suggestions.
- exploitation: the use of land, oil, minerals, etc. ==>commercial exploitation of the mineral resources in Antarctica.
- Dwindle: to become gradually less or smaller. ==>Supplies of coal are dwindling fast.
- To opt for something: to choose to take or not to take a particular course of action. ==>After graduating she opted for a career in music.
- To reduce dependence on something
The overconsumption of natural resources has evolved has a major topic of concern in recent years. This alarming trend poses a number of serious threats to the world, and must be addressed with a number of definite actions.
The increasingly high level of natural resources exploitation can be hazardous in many ways. The most obvious threat is that once the resources come to the verge of depletion, humans would have to face the scarcity of fuels and materials. When oil becomes scarce and more expensive, transport and heating would become less accessible and affordable to most people. The shortage of resources also leads to stagnation in other industries, for example, there would not be enough wood for furniture production and not enough seafood for food processing. This would threaten the business of thousands of companies, as well as the employment of millions of workers in these fields.
Some measures can be taken to mitigate the problem of over-consuming natural resources. The most practical measure is to lower the demand for energy in every household. This can be done by mass-producing energy-efficient household appliances and selling them at a low price. Energy demand may also be cut by making saving energy the focus in propaganda campaigns in various media channels. Another sustainable solution is to promote environmentally-friendly technology. For instance, solar cells are now sold in a small quantity and at a relative high price; they should be made readier and cheaper for the public. Finally, the conservation and recovery of natural resources, including seafood and forests, must be regulated by law.
To conclude, the overexploitation of the world’s resources may result in severe consequences, threatening many industries and people’s life. Strong measures, such as reducing energy use and resource conservation and recovery laws, must be implemented to tackle this situation.
(300 words, written by IELTS Teacher, Tu Pham)
Useful words/ phrases:
- Overconsumption is a situation where resource use has outpaced the sustainable capacity of the ecosystem.
==>A prolonged pattern of overconsumption leads to inevitable environmental degradation and the eventual loss of resource bases
- Scarcity: if there is a scarcity of something, there is not enough of it and it is difficult to obtain it.
==>a time of scarcity / a scarcity of resources
- On the verge of: very near to the moment when somebody does something or something happens.
==>These measures brought the republic to the verge of economic collapse.
- Stagnation: the fact of no longer developing or making progress.
==>a period of economic stagnation