Just Relax Reading Answers
Just Relax is a real IELTS Reading test passage from past papers.
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You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-28, which are based on the Reading Passage below.
Find the practice test with the Just Relax PDF here.
|14||iii||The first line of Paragraph B states that “the term hypnotism was first used by James Braid, a British physician who studied suggestions in the mid-1800s. He demonstrated that hypnosis differed from sleep.” Besides that, “James Esdaile, a Scottish doctor working in India used hypnotism instead of anesthetic in over 200 major surgical operations.” and “Jean Charcot successfully experimented with hypnosis in his clinic for nervous disorders.” These were the early experiments on hypnotism. So we infer that this paragraph discusses early medical experiments with hypnotism. Hence, the appropriate heading for this answer is “iii.”|
|15||ii||In Paragraph C, there’s a line that mentions that “the state of hypnosis is a natural human behaviour, which can affect psychological, social and/or physical experience.” As this line states that hypnosis is a natural human behaviour, it suggests that this paragraph discusses the normality of the hypnotised subject’s behaviours. Hence, the appropriate heading for this answer is “ii.”|
|16||vi||According to Paragraph D, “there are various techniques used to induce hypnosis.” Since this line suggests various kinds of hypnosis techniques, we can infer that this paragraph is discussing how to hypnotise. Hence, the appropriate heading for this answer is “vi.”|
|17||vii||Paragraph E, “it is a common misunderstanding that hypnotists are able to force people to perform criminal or any other acts against their will. In fact, subjects can resist suggestions, and they retain their ability to distinguish right from wrong” Through this information, we can infer that this passage discusses hypnosis and the term ‘retain ability to distinguish right and wrong’ conveys that hypnosis does not affect free will. Hence, the appropriate heading for this answer is “vii.”|
|18||ix||The first few lines of Paragraph F mentions that “This contrasts to the lighter state of hypnosis, which deeply relaxes the patients who will then follow simple directions. This latter state may be used to treat mental health problems, as it allows patients to feel calm while simultaneously thinking about distressing feelings or painful memories.” From these lines, we can deduce that this paragraph discusses the therapeutic uses of hypnosis. Hence, the appropriate heading for this answer is “ix.”|
|19||Bible||A line “references to deep sleep and anaesthesia have been found in the Bible and in Jewish Talmud” in paragraph A confirms that apart from Talmud, hypnotism references are found in the Bible. Hence, the correct answer is “bible.”|
|20||Magnets and water||The last line of paragraph A states that “people continued to believe in this process of ‘mesmerism’ and it was soon realised that successful results could be achieved, but without need for magnets and water.” So, according to this line, Mesmer successfully achieved the effectiveness of mesmerism even without magnets and water. Hence, the correct answer is “magnets and water.”|
|21||physiological/human||Paragraph B mentions that “he demonstrated that hypnosis differed from sleep, that it was a physiological response and not the result of secret powers.” From these lines, we can deduce that according to Braid, hypnosis is not a secret power. Instead, it is a natural physiological response. Hence, the correct answer is “physiological/human.”|
|22||(mental) concentration||In Paragraph C, there’s a line that conveys that “it involves a more active and intense mental concentration of the person being hypnotised.” From the terms ‘involves active and intense mental concentration,’ we can infer that the author is suggesting that for hypnosis to occur successfully, it requires an active mental concentration. Hence, the correct answer is “mental concentration.”|
|23||(fully) aware||As per paragraph C, “hypnotised people can talk, write, and walk about, and they are usually fully aware of what is being said and done.” Since the hypnotised subjects can move or act normally, that means they are completely aware of their surroundings. Hence, the correct answer is “(fully) aware.”|
|24||A||Paragraph D, “the best-known is a series of simple suggestions repeated continuously in the same tone of voice.” Therefore, a hypnotist, in order to successfully perform the hypnosis to relax using the same consistent even tone of voice. Hence, the correct answer is “A.”|
|25||D||In Paragraph D, a line suggests that “as the person responds, their state of attention changes and this altered state often leads to other changes.” The word ‘altered state’ in this line conveys that hypnotised subjects in this state would do something that they are generally opposed to doing. Hence, the correct answer is “D.”|
|26||B||Paragraph F states that “it allows patients to feel calm while simultaneously thinking about distressing feelings or painful memories.” According to this line, hypnosis allows reassessing the distressing feelings without feeling anxious. Hence, the correct answer is “B.”|
|27||D||The last line of Paragraph G mentions that “even though these positions were unusual, the patient at no time felt uncomfortable.” Since the hypnotised patient did not feel any discomfort during the surgery, it can minimise the patient’s discomfort while immobile. Hence, the correct answer is “D.”|
|28||C||The last line of Paragraph H states that “American Medical Association which, in 1985 reported that memories refreshed through hypnosis may include inaccurate information, false memories and confabulation.” This confirms that a report of the American Medical Association says that hypnosis may be unreliable; it involves inaccurate information. Hence, the correct answer is “C.”|
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