A Lot of Places in the World Rely on Tourism as a Main Source of Income – IELTS Writing Task 2
In IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays, you will be asked to write the benefits and drawbacks of the topic given. You have to be careful that you write the advantages and disadvantages of the topic given and not your opinion about the topic. While explaining these kinds of essays, you can divide the content into 2 paragraphs.
To help you to understand this type of essay better, given below are some tips and a sample essay with a detailed outline.
A lot of places in the world rely on tourism as a main source of income. Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems if it is not managed correctly. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world. Do you think that benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks?
Advantages and Disadvantages Essay
Sentence 1: Introduction of the given topic “Tourism as a main source of income”.
Sentence 2: State advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world and give your own opinion.
Paragraph 1: Tourism has become one of the major contributors to the economy of several nations. The tourism industry has been growing enormously.
Paragraph 2: Tourism also has some drawbacks affecting the environment and state of cleanliness of popular tourist places.
Stating whether the advantages outweigh disadvantages or vice versa.
Over the last few years, tourism has become one of the major contributors to the economy of several nations. The tourism industry has been growing enormously. Although the tourism industry in the modern world has been generating an abundance of revenue, there are a few drawbacks too. However, in my personal perspective, the advantages of tourism outweigh the disadvantages.
Over the years, the tourism industry has been expanding, contributing to the economic development and growth of countries. Moreover, the tourism industry has been creating a lot of employment opportunities for the local public. In other words, tourism boosts a country’s economy by creating many new job openings for the local people. Tourists spend money on a wide range of services such as hotels, amusement parks, transportation, food and medical services. This way, tourism yields an additional income supporting the country’s economy. Indirectly or directly, the tourism industry boosts the travel industry and helps in the improvement of infrastructure. For instance, the tourists’ crowd results in more demand for hotels, tourist guides and many more, encouraging local businesses to employ more people to fulfill their requirements.
However, tourism affects the environment and cleanliness of popular tourist places. If the tourist location is not managed properly, it can cause deleterious effects on the ecology of that place. The demand for the increased accommodation can lead to the construction of more hotels. This often leads to the destruction of forests and over-exploitation of natural resources, disturbing the world’s natural ecology.
To recapitulate, the tourism industry has some downsides like disastrous impacts on forests, but it does not overshadow the positive impact on the country’s economy. I believe that the benefits of tourism totally outweighs its drawbacks.
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Band 9 Sample Essay
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Tourism industry is one of the most booming sectors in the world, which connects people from one end of the world to the other. It is a wide-ranging business that encompasses accomodation, transport, food, entertainment and other related industries. Sadly, tourism also has some pitfalls that can become detrimental to the country if not handled properly. In this essay, both sides of the argument, that is, the advantages and disadvantages, will be elaborated to reach a conclusion.
Moving on to the conveniences provided by the tourism industry, there are three major ones. Firstly, it augments the economy of the country and provides a boost by the inflow of foreign exchange. This money is utilized for the development of infrastructure for both the citizens and the upcoming tourists as well as preservation of the heritage constructions. Secondly, as previously hinted, tourism contributes to the livelihood of a large section of the population through hotels, restaurants, travel agents, various fun activities and shops selling local crafts. Many people are engaged in the diverse sections of this industry, and tourism aids in solving the unemployment and poverty issues, especially in the developing countries. Moreover, international visitors act as the medium of cultural exchange between two countries. For example, when an American visits India, they are enticed by the colourful cities and savoury food items of the country, and this accelerates the incoming of more Americans. This is true for any country that the travellers visit.
Though the profitability of this industry makes it one of the most alluring enterprises of a country, an attempt to tempt more explorers to sojourn there may spin out of control due to mismanagement. If the administration does not set proper rules and regulations for visitation and stay for the tourists, it may lead to the destruction of historical buildings and public places. Excess inturn of excursionists may also have a detrimental effect on the natural habitat of the place due to littering and not following certain ordinances. Apart from this, negligence on the part of the management can aggrandize illegal activities like trafficking and unauthorized business of antiques and valuables. Local people also get the opportunity to cheat the guests as they are unaware of the customs and the statutes of the alien country.
In conclusion, it can be noted that the expediencies of the tourism industry eclipse the imperfections by a long stretch. Although the flaws can be handled by the proper manoevure by the government and the common people, the boons have already been contributing to the country’s economy and welfare of the inhabitants.
Meaning: a person or thing that contributes something.
Eg: Jack was the highest contributor in the charity event.
Meaning: very large in size, quantity, or extent.
Eg: An enormous amount of books are available in the library.
Meaning: help or encourage (something) to increase or improve.
Eg: Rose’s mother boosted her confidence.
Meaning: the action or process of causing so much damage to something that it no longer exists or cannot be repaired.
Eg: Construction of skyscrapers have led to the destruction of small villages.
Meaning: causing harm or effects
Eg: Release of toxic gases have deleterious effects.
Meaning: a room, group of rooms, or building in which someone may live or stay.
Eg: Mary was impressed by the resort’s accommodation services.
Meaning: a result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Eg: John had to bear the consequences of being jobless.
Meaning: income, especially when of an organization and of a substantial nature
Eg: The new startup company generated a huge amount of revenue.
Meaning: produce or provide (a natural, agricultural, or industrial product).
Eg: The crop yields were in surplus.
Meaning: completely remove or to get rid of
Eg: The yellow team was eliminated from the competition.