Networking Reading Answers
The Academic passage ‘Networking’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 1-15. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that help you find out the answers.
|1.||Yes||In the first paragraph, the writer claims ‘Network as a concept has acquired what is in all truth an unjustified air of modernity.’ Here, ‘air of modernity’ means a modern idea which is paraphrased in the statement as ‘Networking is not a modern idea.’ Hence, the answer is yes.|
|2.||No||In the first paragraph, the writer says that ‘The concept is worn like a badge of distinction, not just in the business world.’ Here, the writer says that networking is a badge that is worn by everyone and not just the business people.
In the statement given, it is said ‘Networking is worn like a badge exclusively to the business world.’ The phrase ‘exclusively in the business world’ means excluding everyone and limiting it only to the business world. This statement contradicts the claim given by the writer. Hence, the answer is no.
|3.||Yes||In the second paragraph, it is given that ‘People can be divided basically into those who keep knowledge and their personal contact to themselves, and those who are prepared to share what they know and indeed their friends with others.’ The writer says that people are divided and has explained the two types of people. The statement says that ‘People fall into two basic categories.’ Here, the words ‘fall’ means come in between and categories mean the types of people
So, we can conclude that the statement given agrees with the writer’s claim.
Hence, the answer is yes.
|4.||Yes||In the second paragraph, the writer claims that ‘A person who is insecure, such as someone who has difficulty sharing information with others and who cannot bring people, including friends, together, is not a good network worker.’ which means that those who are not willing to share their knowledge and friends with others are not good networkers and those are willing to share the knowledge are better networkers. This claim has been paraphrased in the statement as ‘A person who shares knowledge and friends makes a better networker than one who does not. The statement given here agrees with the writer’s claim.
Hence, the answer is yes.
|5.||Not Given||Not given in the passage.|
|6.||Bring success||In the fifth paragraph, the writer says that ‘Making new contacts, business or otherwise brings success, does cause problems,’ which is paraphrased in the question as ‘Making new acquaintances brings success but also has its disadvantages.’ Here the words, acquaintances refer to contacts and disadvantages refer to the problems. Hence, the answer to this statement is to bring success.|
|7.||(very) insecure/ jealous/ envious||In the fifth paragraph, it is given that ‘Jealousy and envy can prove to be very detrimental if one is faced with a very insecure manager.’ Here detrimental means to cause harm or problems. This can be paraphrased as, ‘At work, problems can be caused if the manager is very insecure,’ which is the given statement in the question. Hence, the answer will be (very) insecure or jealous or envious.|
|8.||block||In the fifth paragraph, it is given that ‘ a very insecure manager, as this person may seek to stifle someone’s career or even block it completely.’ Here, the word ‘stifle’ means suppress. The statement is paraphrased as ‘A manager can suppress, or even totally block the career of an employee.’ Hence, the answer here is block.|
|9.||Companies and enterprises||In the sixth paragraph, it is given that, ‘In the present business climate, companies and enterprises need to cooperate with each other in order to expand’. Here the phrase ‘present business climate’ means the business environment today. This sentence is paraphrased as ’In business today, working together is necessary in order for companies and enterprises to grow.’ So, the answer to the statement given in the question is companies and enterprises.|
|10.||Co-operation and contacts||In the sixth paragraph, the writer says that ‘Without cooperation and contacts specialist companies would not survive for long.’ In this sentence, ‘specialist companies’ means ‘businesses that specialize’, When the sentence is paraphrased, ‘Businesses that specialize will not last for long without the cooperation and contacts.’
So, the answer is cooperation and contacts.
|11.||Academic World||The statement asks ‘Which sphere of life have ideas been protected by jealousy’.
Here, protected by jealousy means guarded by jealousy and in the seventh paragraph, it is given that ‘The same applies in the academic world, where ideas have been jealously guarded.’
So, the answer here is the academic world.
|12.||Stereotypical academic||In the seventh paragraph, it is said that ‘The stereotypical academic is one who moves in a rarefied atmosphere living a life of sometimes splendid isolation, a prisoner of their own genius.’ and the next line says that ‘This sort of person does not fit easily into this mould of the modern networker.’ Here the writer talks about a stereotypical academic who is highly dense and basks in his own ingeniousness and also says that this person does not easily become a modern networker.
According to the question, it was asked to find the type of individual that does not easily become a modern networker. ‘
Hence the answer to this question is a stereotypical academic.
|13.||Cambridge/ around Cambridge/ Cambridge in England||In the question, it was asked to name the places with the greatest concentrations of high tech companies in Europe.
In the last line of the seventh paragraph, it is said that ‘Cambridge and England are now one of the most concentrated clusters of high-tech companies in Europe.’ Hence the greatest/ most concentrated clusters currently are in Cambridge and England.
|14.||Homo Sapiens||In the eighth paragraph, it is said that ‘The world of Neanderthals was shaken between 35,000 and 40,000 BC; they were superseded by homo sapiens with the very networking skills that separate us from other animals.’
Here ‘superseded’ means replaced.
According to the question, it was asked to find who had replaced the Neanderthals.
So, the answer to the question is Neanderthals were replaced by homo sapiens.
|15.||Culture||The given question asks about the factor that sets apart humans from the animals other than understanding thought abstraction. The answer to this question is given in the last line of the eighth paragraph which states that ‘understanding thought abstraction and current culture are inextricably linked to planning survival and productivity in humans,’ and this sets us apart from other humans.
Hence the answer is culture.
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