Physician, Rule Thyself! Professions and Self Regulation Reading Answers
This article contains the Physician, Rule Thyself! Professions and Self Regulation reading answers.
Physician, Rule Thyself! Professions and Self Regulation is a real Reading test passage that appeared in the IELTS.
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Physician, Rule Thyself!
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on the Reading Passage below. Find the practice test with the Physician, Rule Thyself! PDF here.
|1||F||Paragraph F signifies that “developments in professional knowledge itself have forced a greater degree of specialization on experts, who constantly have to retrain and do research to maintain their position.” This line explains that professionals are pressured or asked to adjust to socio-cultural developments by asking them to specialize in experts and do constant research. Hence, the correct answer is “F.”|
|2||D||From line paragraph D, “certain features which appear to be common to most.” We can infer that this paragraph discusses typical characteristics that a profession has. Hence, the correct answer is “D.”|
|3||C||The initial line of paragraph C is, “professions in different cultures are subject to different levels of state intervention, and are shaped by this.” This conveys that the government intervenes at different levels in different countries. Hence, the correct answer is “C.”|
|4||B||According to the first line of paragraph B, “the public needs experts to offer them specialist advice, but because this advice is specialized, they are not in a position to know what advice they need: this has to be defined in conversation with the professional.” The relationship between professionals and their clients is that people need specialized advice but it’s hard for them to understand what advice they need. This can be sorted in conversation with that professional. Hence, the correct answer is “B.”|
|5||A||Paragraph A mentions that “when is an occupation a profession? There appears to be no absolute definition.” Thus, the earlier line mentions that there is absolutely no clear definition for what a profession is. Hence, the correct answer is “A.”|
|6||advice||In Paragraph B, there’s a line that mentions, “the public needs experts to offer them specialist advice, but because this advice is specialized, they are not in a position to know what advice they need.” Since they don’t know what advice they need, it signifies that they cannot ensure what advice will satisfy the client. Hence, the correct answer is “advice.”|
|7||Academic institutions||Paragraph C conveys that “academic institutions have had more influence than the state in the development of the professions.” This line confirms that the state had less impact on the development of the professions than academic institutions. Hence, the correct answer is “academic institutions.”|
|8||License to practise||In paragraph D the author states that “it appears that there is an agreed set of qualifications and experience which constitutes a license to practice.” From the earlier line, we can infer that an agreed set of qualifications gives license to practice. Hence, the correct answer is “license to practice.”|
|9||Long-term decline||Paragraph E pu
ts forward the idea that “in Western Europe, the status of politicians has been in long-term decline since the middle of the twentieth century.” It helps us to recognise that the ”status of politicians has been in long-term decline.” Hence, the correct answer is “long-term decline.”
|10||self-regulation||Paragraph G talks raise the concern that “another question that needs to be answered is whether self-regulation restricts access so that the profession retains its social and economic privileges?.”Since it’s a question, we can deduce that it raises a doubt as to whether self-regulation is a mechanism that retains a profession’s social and economic privileges. Hence, the correct answer is “self-regulation.”|
|11||More open||The lines in paragraph F claims that “market forces and social pressures have forced professionals to be more open about their modes of practice.” Therefore, professionals are more open about work. Hence, the correct answer is “more open.”|
|12||demanding||Paragraph F discusses that “information technology has enabled the public to become much more informed, and therefore more demanding.” Therefore, it implies that people are more knowledgeable and more demanding. Hence, the correct answer is “demanding.”|
|13||specialisation||The last line of paragraph F conveys that “developments in professional knowledge itself have forced a greater degree of specialisation on experts.” The phrase ‘greater degree of specialisation’ denotes that specialisation is needed. Hence, the correct answer is “specialisation.”|
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