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What Are Dreams? - IELTS Reading Answers
What Are Dreams? – IELTS Reading Answers

What Are Dreams? – IELTS Reading Answers

The Academic passage ‘What are dreams?’ is a reading passage that appeared in an IELTS Test. Read the passage below and answer questions 27 – 40. Beyond the questions, you will find the answers along with the location of the answers in the passage and the keywords that  help you find out the answers.

What Are Dreams?

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Question no. Answers Keywords Location of keywords
27 E But Lavie says that Chamtzani, now 55, “is probably the most normal person I know and one of the most successful ones”. (He‘s a lawyer, a painter and the editor of a puzzle column in a popular Israeli newspaper. Paragraph E,last two lines
28 F at least in mammals and birds. But that doesn‘t mean all mammals and birds dream (or if they do, they‘re certainly not – talking about it) Paragraph F,lines 2 and 3
29 G Mental health,happiness Paragraph G ,full
30 D Scientists using PET and FMRI technology to watch the dreaming brain have found that one of the most active areas during REM is the limbic system, which controls our emotions. Paragraph D,lines 3
31 C That put a crimp in dream research; if dreams were meaningless nocturnal firings, what was the point of studying them? Paragraph C,last line
32 B Thousands of years ago, dreams were seen as messages from the gods, and in many cultures, they are still considered prophetic. In ancient Greece, sick people slept at the temples of Asclepius, the god of medicine, in order to receive dreams that would heal them. Modern dream science really begins at the end of the 19th century with Sigmund Freud, who theorized that dreams were the expression of unconscious desires often stemming from childhood. Paragraph A,lines 1 and 2
33 D Much less active is the prefrontal cortex, which is associated with logical thinking. That could explain why dreams in REM sleep often lack a coherent story line. Paragraph D,line 6
34 A One thing that‘s unique about mammals and birds is that they regulate body temperature”, says neuroscientist Jerry Siegel, director of UCLA‘s Center for Sleep Research. Paragraph F,lines 5 and 6
35 E Siegel says, and that could mean that the changing sleep cycles allow the brain to repair itself. “It seems likely that REM sleep is filling a basic physiological function and that dreams are a kind of epiphenomenon”, Siegel says – an extraneous byproduct, like foam on beer. Paragraph F,lines 10 and 11
36 D “It’s as if the brain surveys the internal milieu and tries to figure out what it should be doing, and whether our actions conflict with who we are”, he says. Paragraph D, last line
37 D “It‘s as if the brain surveys the internal milieu and tries to figure out what it should be doing, and whether our actions conflict with who we are”, he says. Paragraph D, last line
38 A dreams were the expression of unconscious desires often stemming from childhood. Paragraph A, line 7
39 G She thinks that dreaming helps diffuse strong emotions. “Dreaming is a mental-health activity”, she says. Paragraph G, last line
40 B “activation-synthesis hypothesis”, which describes how dreams are formed by nerve signals sent out during REM sleep from a small area at the base of the brain called the pons. These signals, the researchers said, activate the images that we call dreams. That put a crimp in dream research; Paragraph C,lines 6 to 10

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Houston has been in the field of IELTS for about eight years and has been associated with IELTSMaterial for the last two years. As an IELTS Expert, her contributions to the articles have been informative and original. Whitney has written about 200 informative articles for IELTSMaterial.com, which enables students to learn from her expertise. Whitney is also a good researcher, and thus any new information about the IELTS test can be found on our website, thanks to her. Whitney completed her graduation in Creative Writing at Glasgow University, Belfast. Having seen her foreign peers struggling to prepare for IELTS to find jobs abroad kindled her, and she began learning the techniques and strategies to crack the IELTS test to help her peers.

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